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A review on front end conversion in ocean wave energy converters

Nagulan SANTHOSH,Venkatesan BASKARAN,Arunachalam AMARKARTHIK

《能源前沿(英文)》 2015年 第9卷 第3期   页码 297-310 doi: 10.1007/s11708-015-0370-x

摘要: Harvesting the energy from ocean waves is one of the greatest attractions for energy engineers and scientists. Till date, plenty of methods have been adopted to harvest the energy from the ocean waves. However, due to technological and economical complexity, it is intricate to involve the majority of these energy harvesters in the real ocean environment. Effective utilization and sustainability of any wave energy harvester depend upon its adaptability in the irregular seasonal waves, situation capability in maximum energy extraction and finally fulfilling the economic barriers. In this paper, the front end energy conversions are reviewed in detail which is positioned in the first stage of the wave energy converter among other stages such as power take off (PTO) and electrical energy conversion. If the recent development of these front end energy conversion is well known then developing wave energy converter with economic and commercial viability is possible. The aim of this review is to provide information on front end energy conversion of a point absorber and emphasize the strategies and calamity to be considered in designing such kinds of devices to improve the energy harvesting competence. This will be useful to the engineers for speeding up the development of a matured point absorbing type wave energy converter.

关键词: wave energy converter     point absorbers     power take off (PTO)     front end energy conversion    

一种扩展非对称Doherty功率放大器输出功率回退范围的新方法 Research Article

李明玉1,程小兵1,代志江1,钟康1,蔡天赋1,黄超意2

《信息与电子工程前沿(英文)》 2023年 第24卷 第3期   页码 470-479 doi: 10.1631/FITEE.2200250

摘要: 提出一种扩展Doherty功率放大器(DPA)输出功率回退(OPBO)范围的新方法。研究表明,可以通过峰值路功放的输出阻抗来调整和改变载波功率放大器输出匹配网络的相位,来扩大DPA的输出功率回退量。基于此理论,设计了一个工作频带为1.55—2.2 GHz(35%相对带宽)、具有大输出功率回退范围的高效率非对称DPA,通过这一例子来验证所提方法的有效性。实验结果表明,DPA工作频率为1.6—2.1 GHz。OPBO状态下测量效率范围为42.2%—52.1%,饱和状态下为47%—62.7%。OPBO范围为11.1—13.2 dB。

关键词: Doherty功率放大器;输出功率回退;输出阻抗;网络相位    

Advanced purification and comprehensive utilization of yellow phosphorous off gas

Ping NING,Xiangyu WANG

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2015年 第9卷 第2期   页码 181-189 doi: 10.1007/s11783-014-0698-1

摘要: Yellow phosphorous is an important raw material in the chemical industry. However, during the production of yellow phosphorous, high concentrations of carbon monoxide and other impurities are released. Without appropriate purification and removal, this off gas has potential to cause severe pollution problems once released. Purified yellow phosphorous off gas can be beneficially reused as a raw material in chemical production for synthesis of high value-added chemical reagents. In this paper, the significance of purification and reutilization of yellow phosphorous off gas are explored. The principles, processes, and main characteristics of the technologies for purification and reuse of yellow phosphorus off gas (including technical measurements of impurity reduction, relevant engineering cases, and public acceptance of the technologies) are summarized. In view of the existing problems and scientific development requirements, this paper proposes several recommendations for green production based on the concept of recycle economics. We conclude that advanced purification and comprehensive reutilization can be an effective solution for heavy pollution resulting from yellow phosphorous off gassing.

关键词: yellow phosphorous off gas     purification     comprehensive utilization    

太空旅游未来可期

Mitch Leslie

《工程(英文)》 2022年 第10卷 第3期   页码 4-6 doi: 10.1016/j.eng.2022.01.005

Typical off-design analytical performances of internal combustion engine cogeneration

Xiaohong HE, Ruixian CAI

《能源前沿(英文)》 2009年 第3卷 第2期   页码 184-192 doi: 10.1007/s11708-009-0007-z

摘要: Based on experimental data, typical off-design characteristic curves with corresponding formulas of internal combustion engine (ICE) are summarized and investigated. In combination with analytical solution of single-pressure heat recovery steam generator (HRSG) and influence of ambient pressure on combined heat and power (CHP) system, off-design operation regularities of ICE cogeneration are analyzed. The approach temperature difference Δ , relative steam production and superheated steam temperature decrease with the decrease in engine load. The total energy efficiency, equivalent exergy efficiency and economic exergy efficiency first increase and then decrease. Therefore, there exists an optimum value, corresponding to ICE best efficiency operating condition. It is worth emphasizing that Δ is likely to be negative in low load condition with high design steam parameter and low ICE design exhaust gas temperature. Compared with single shaft gas turbine cogeneration, Δ in ICE cogeneration is more likely to be negative. The main reason for this is that the gas turbine has an increased exhaust gas flow with the decrease in load; while ICE is on the contrary. Moreover, ICE power output and efficiency decrease with the decrease in ambient pressure. Hence, approach temperature difference, relative steam production and superheated steam temperature decrease rapidly while the cogeneration efficiencies decrease slightly. It is necessary to consider the influence of ambient conditions, especially the optimization of ICE performances at different places, on cogeneration performances.

关键词: internal combustion engine (ICE)     cogeneration     heat recovery steam generator (HRSG)     off-design     superheated steam     saturated steam     ambient pressure    

Quantification of emission variability for off-road equipment in China based on real-world measurements

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2022年 第16卷 第2期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-021-1455-x

摘要:

• Emissions from 53 in-use diesel-fueled off-road equipment were measured.

关键词: Off-road equipment     Portable emission measurement system (PEMS)     Real-world emissions     Diesel engine    

Development and application of an off-site maintenance system in the petrochemical industry

Ruisheng YONG, Yanbing YE, Hanbin LUO, Lieyun DING

《工程管理前沿(英文)》 2017年 第4卷 第2期   页码 111-126 doi: 10.15302/J-FEM-2017027

摘要: On-site maintenance (ONSM) is critical to ensuring the safety of equipment in the petrochemical industry. However, many accidents occur during ONSM processes because of unstable equipment, complicated work environment, and human error. To reduce congestion and exposure to hazards during on-site operations and thereby reduce the probability of accidents, off-site maintenance (OFSM) is proposed based on Energy Release Theory (ERT). The information requirements for OFSM are analyzed. A support system for OFSM, which makes use of visualization, information management, and localization capabilities, is developed. A case study utilizing OFSM and its support system for an oil-loading facility of a petrochemical company is conducted. The application results indicated that implementation of OFSM system can significantly reduce the operation risks and can improve the operation efficiency.

关键词: on-site maintenance     petrochemical industry     safety     off-site maintenance system    

Construction Technology of Off-Site Precast Concrete Buildings

Ting Gong,Jian Yang,Hao Hu,Feng Xu

《工程管理前沿(英文)》 2015年 第2卷 第2期   页码 122-124 doi: 10.15302/J-FEM-2015039

摘要: The industrialization of building construction is gradually becoming a new choice of construction technology driven by some great advantages such as high efficiency in construction, low energy consumption and environmental friendliness. Construction management plays an important part to ensure the quality of projects. A comparison between traditional on-site and modern off-site construction methods has been conducted. The streamlining of the process including the fabrication, transportation, stacking and assembling of precast components has also been analyzed with a discussion on the BIM application in the process.

关键词: off-site construction     precast concrete     modular construction     construction management     building information model (BIM)    

Take back and treatment of discarded electronics: a scientific update

Ab STEVELS, Jaco HUISMAN, Feng WANG, Jinhui LI, Boyang LI, Huabo DUAN

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2013年 第7卷 第4期   页码 475-482 doi: 10.1007/s11783-013-0538-8

摘要: This paper indicates that the performance of tack-back and treatment of electronic waste (e-waste) system can be improved substantially. This can be reached by better taking into account in a better way the big variety in material composition and potential toxicity of electrical and electronic products – from a technical, organizational and regulatory perspective. Realizing that there is no ‘one size fit for all’ and combining smart tailor made solutions with economic of sale will result in the best environmental gain/cost ratio. Several examples show how science and engineering have supported or will support this approach.

关键词: e-waste     take back     treatment     substantially    

How to make the production of methanol/DME “GREENER”—Integration of wind power with

Weidou NI , Zhen CHEN , Zheng LI , Jian GAO ,

《能源前沿(英文)》 2009年 第3卷 第1期   页码 94-98 doi: 10.1007/s11708-009-0012-2

摘要: The urgency and necessity of alternative fuels give an impetus to the development of modern coal chemical industry. Coal-based methanol/DME is the key element of this industry. Wind power, whose installed capacity increased at a rate of more than 100% in recent years, has the most developed technologies in renewable energy. However, there still exist many unsolved problems in wind power for on-grid utilization. A new integrated system which combines coal-based methanol/DME production with wind power is proposed in this paper. In this system, wind power is used to electrolyze water to produce H and O. The O is fed to the gasifier as gasification agent. The H is mixed with the CO-rich gas to adjust the H/CO to an appropriate ratio for methanol synthesis. In comparison with conventional coal-based methanol/DME system, the proposed system omits the expensive and energy-consuming ASU and greatly reduces the water gas shift process, which brings both advantages in the utilization of all raw materials and significant mitigation of CO emission. This system will be attractive in the regions of China which have abundant wind and coal resources.

关键词: wind power     off-grid     coal-based methanol/DME     electrolyze water    

Can energy storage make off-grid photovoltaic hydrogen production system more economical?

《工程管理前沿(英文)》 doi: 10.1007/s42524-022-0245-x

摘要: Under the ambitious goal of carbon neutralization, photovoltaic (PV)-driven electrolytic hydrogen (PVEH) production is emerging as a promising approach to reduce carbon emission. Considering the intermittence and variability of PV power generation, the deployment of battery energy storage can smoothen the power output. However, the investment cost of battery energy storage is pertinent to non-negligible expenses. Thus, the installation of energy-storage equipment in a PVEH system is a complex trade-off problem. The primary goals of this study are to compare the engineering economics of PVEH systems with and without energy storage, and to explore time nodes when the cost of the former scenario can compete with the latter by factoring the technology learning curve. The levelized cost of hydrogen (LCOH) is a widely used economic indicator. Represented by seven areas in seven regions of China, results show that the LCOH with and without energy storage is approximately 22.23 and 20.59 yuan/kg in 2020, respectively. In addition, as technology costs drop, the LCOH of a PVEH system with energy storage will be less than that without energy storage in 2030.

关键词: hydrogen     off-grid photovoltaic     energy storage     LCOH     engineering economics    

高空风能蓄势待发

Peter Weiss

《工程(英文)》 2020年 第6卷 第2期   页码 107-109 doi: 10.1016/j.eng.2019.12.002

Trace analysis of off-flavor/odor compounds in water using liquid-liquid microextraction coupled with

Jian LU,Paul S. WILLS,P. CHRIS WILSON

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2016年 第10卷 第3期   页码 477-481 doi: 10.1007/s11783-015-0820-z

摘要: A rapid, inexpensive and laboratory friendly method was developed for analysis of off-flavor/odor compounds in fresh and salt water using gas chromatography with chemical ionization-tandem mass spectrometry. Off-flavor/odor compounds included geosmin, 2-methylisoborneol (MIB), 2-isobutyl-3-methyoxypyrazine (IBMP), and 2-isopropyl-3-methoxypyrazine (IPMP). Using this method, a single sample can be extracted within minutes using only 1 mL of organic solvent. The ion transitions for IPMP, IBMP, MIB, and geosmin were 153>121, 167>125, 152>95, and 165>109, respectively. The linearity of this method for analyzing MIB ranged from 4 to 200 ng·L , and from 0.8 to 200 ng·L for the other analytes. Method recoveries ranged from 97% to 111% and percent relative standard deviations ranged from 3% to 9%, indicating that the method is accurate, precise, and reliable.

关键词: off-flavor/odor compounds     liquid-liquid microextraction     gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry    

Effect of heat transfer coefficient of steam turbine rotor on thermal stress field under off-design condition

Jie GUO,Danmei XIE,Hengliang ZHANG,Wei JIANG,Yan ZHOU

《能源前沿(英文)》 2016年 第10卷 第1期   页码 57-64 doi: 10.1007/s11708-015-0385-3

摘要: The precise calculation of temperature and thermal stress field of steam turbine rotor under off-design conditions is of paramount significance for safe and economic operation, in which an accurate calculation of heat transfer (HT) coefficient plays a decisive role. HT coefficient changes dramatically along with working conditions. First, a finite element analysis of rotor model, applied with ordinary rotor materials, has been conducted to investigate the temperature and thermal stress difference along with the change of HT coefficient from 20 W/(m ·°C) to 20000 W/(m ·°C). Next, the differentiation between existing empirical formulas has been analyzed from the aspect of physical significance of non-dimension parameters. Finally, a verifying case of the cold startup of a 1000MW unit has been proceeded. The result shows that the accuracy of coefficient calculation when steam parameters are low has a greater influence on that of rotor temperature and thermal stress, which means a precise empirical HT coefficient formula, like the Sarkar formula is strongly recommended. When steam parameters are high and HT coefficient is larger than 10 W/(m ·°C), there will be barely any influence on the calculation of thermal stress. This research plays a constructive role in the calculation and analysis of thermal stress.

关键词: steam turbine     rotor     thermal stress     heat transfer coefficient     empirical formula    

利用基因工程技术大规模消灭害虫

Chris Palmer

《工程(英文)》 2022年 第18卷 第11期   页码 6-8 doi: 10.1016/j.eng.2022.09.004

标题 作者 时间 类型 操作

A review on front end conversion in ocean wave energy converters

Nagulan SANTHOSH,Venkatesan BASKARAN,Arunachalam AMARKARTHIK

期刊论文

一种扩展非对称Doherty功率放大器输出功率回退范围的新方法

李明玉1,程小兵1,代志江1,钟康1,蔡天赋1,黄超意2

期刊论文

Advanced purification and comprehensive utilization of yellow phosphorous off gas

Ping NING,Xiangyu WANG

期刊论文

太空旅游未来可期

Mitch Leslie

期刊论文

Typical off-design analytical performances of internal combustion engine cogeneration

Xiaohong HE, Ruixian CAI

期刊论文

Quantification of emission variability for off-road equipment in China based on real-world measurements

期刊论文

Development and application of an off-site maintenance system in the petrochemical industry

Ruisheng YONG, Yanbing YE, Hanbin LUO, Lieyun DING

期刊论文

Construction Technology of Off-Site Precast Concrete Buildings

Ting Gong,Jian Yang,Hao Hu,Feng Xu

期刊论文

Take back and treatment of discarded electronics: a scientific update

Ab STEVELS, Jaco HUISMAN, Feng WANG, Jinhui LI, Boyang LI, Huabo DUAN

期刊论文

How to make the production of methanol/DME “GREENER”—Integration of wind power with

Weidou NI , Zhen CHEN , Zheng LI , Jian GAO ,

期刊论文

Can energy storage make off-grid photovoltaic hydrogen production system more economical?

期刊论文

高空风能蓄势待发

Peter Weiss

期刊论文

Trace analysis of off-flavor/odor compounds in water using liquid-liquid microextraction coupled with

Jian LU,Paul S. WILLS,P. CHRIS WILSON

期刊论文

Effect of heat transfer coefficient of steam turbine rotor on thermal stress field under off-design condition

Jie GUO,Danmei XIE,Hengliang ZHANG,Wei JIANG,Yan ZHOU

期刊论文

利用基因工程技术大规模消灭害虫

Chris Palmer

期刊论文