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New method for efficient control of hydrogen sulfide and methane in gravity sewers: Combination of NaOH

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2022年 第16卷 第6期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-021-1509-0

摘要:

• The combination of NaOH and nitrite was used to control harmful gas in sewers.

关键词: Sewer corrosion     Sulfide control     Combination treatment     NaOH     Nitrite    

Control of hydrogen sulfide emissions using autotrophic denitrification landfill biocovers: engineering

Daoroong SUNGTHONG, Debra R. REINHART

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2011年 第5卷 第2期   页码 149-158 doi: 10.1007/s11783-011-0324-4

摘要: Hydrogen sulfide (H S) emitted from construction and demolition waste landfills has received increasing attention. Besides its unpleasant odor, long-term exposure to a very low concentration of H S can cause a public health issue. In the case of construction and demolition (C&D) waste landfills, where gas collection systems are not normally required, the generated H S is typically not controlled and the number of treatment processes to control H S emissions in situ is limited. An attractive alternative may be to use chemically or biologically active landfill covers. A few studies using various types of cover materials to attenuate H S emissions demonstrated that H S emissions can be effectively reduced. In this study, therefore, the costs and benefits of H S-control cover systems including compost, soil amended with lime, fine concrete, and autotrophic denitrification were evaluated. Based on a case-study landfill area of 0.04 km , the estimated H S emissions of 80900 kg over the 15-year period and costs of active cover system components (ammonium nitrate fertilizer for autotrophic denitrification cover, lime, fine concrete, and compost), ammonium nitrate fertilizer is the most cost effective, followed by hydrated lime, fine concrete, and yard waste compost. Fine concrete and yard waste compost covers are expensive measures to control H S emissions because of the large amount of materials needed to create a cover. Controlling H S emissions using fine concrete and compost is less expensive at landfills that provide on-site concrete recovery and composting facilities; however, ammonium nitrate fertilizer or hydrated lime would still be more cost effective applications.

关键词: hydrogen sulfide emissions     construction and demolition waste     autotrophic denitrification     landfill biocovers    

extracellular polymeric substances from activated sludge on the aggregation kinetics of silver and silver sulfide

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2022年 第16卷 第2期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-021-1450-2

摘要:

• The NPs aggregation in the electrolyte solution is consistent with the DLVO theory.

关键词: Silver nanoparticles     Silver sulfide nanoparticles     Extracellular polymeric substances     Aggregation kinetics     Influence mechanisms    

Recent advances of small-molecule fluorescent probes for detecting biological hydrogen sulfide

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2022年 第16卷 第1期   页码 34-63 doi: 10.1007/s11705-021-2050-1

摘要: H2S is well-known as a colorless, acidic gas, with a notoriously rotten-egg smell. It was recently revealed that H2S is also an endogenous signaling molecule that has important biological functions, however, most of its physiology and pathology remains elusive. Therefore, the enthusiasm for H2S research remains. Fluorescence imaging technology is an important tool for H2S biology research. The development of fluorescence imaging technology has realized the study of H2S in subcellular organelles, facilitated by the development of fluorescent probes. The probes reviewed in this paper were categorized according to their chemical mechanism of sensing and were divided into three groups: H2S reducibility-based probes, H2S nucleophilicity-based probes, and metal sulfide precipitation-based probes. The structure of the probes, their sensing mechanism, and imaging results have been discussed in detail. Moreover, we also introduced some probes for hydrogen polysulfides.

关键词: hydrogen sulfide     fluorescent probe     reducibility     nucleophilicity     copper sulfide precipitate     hydrogen polysulfides    

Therapeutic application of hydrogen sulfide donors: the potential and challenges

null

《医学前沿(英文)》 2016年 第10卷 第1期   页码 18-27 doi: 10.1007/s11684-015-0427-6

摘要:

Hydrogen sulfide (H2S), a colorless gas smelling of rotten egg, has long been considered a toxic gas and environment hazard. However, evidences show that H2S plays a great role in many physiological and pathological activities, and it exhibits different effects when applied at various doses. In this review, we summarize the chemistry and biomedical applications of H2S-releasing compounds, including inorganic salts, phosphorodithioate derivatives, derivatives of Allium sativum extracts, derivatives of thioaminoacids, and derivatives of anti-inflammatory drugs.

关键词: hydrogen sulfide     cardiovascular     cancer     hypertension    

Ozone kinetics of dimethyl sulfide in the presence of water vapor

Haitao WANG

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2013年 第7卷 第6期   页码 833-835 doi: 10.1007/s11783-013-0570-8

摘要: The outdoor smog chamber was used to thorough investigate the rate constants of gas-phase reaction between dimethyl sulfide (DMS) and ozone (O ) under conditions of relative humidity 55.0%–67.8% at (296±2)K for the first time. The rate constants were measured, at a total pressure of 1 atm, to be (10.4±0.2) × 10 cm ·molecule ·s at relative humidity of 67.5%±0.3% at 298K, (10.1±0.1) × 10 cm ·molecule ·s at relative humidity of 66.5%±0.5% at 296K, (7.75±0.39) × 10 cm ·molecule ·s at relative humidity of 64.8%±0.1% at 294K and (3.42±0.21) × 10 cm ·molecule ·s at relative humidity of 55.8%±0.8% at 295K. Base on these results, it is possible to see the reaction of O /DMS in the presence of water vapor as an important sink for DMS in the earth atmosphere.

关键词: rate constants     ozone (O3)     dimethyl sulfide (DMS)     water vapor    

Abatement of sulfide generation in sewage by glutaraldehyde supplementation and the impact on the activated

Lehua ZHANG,Jingxing MA,Yinchen JIN,Haiqin ZHANG,Yongdi LIU,Lankun Cai

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2015年 第9卷 第2期   页码 365-370 doi: 10.1007/s11783-014-0645-1

摘要: Hydrogen sulfide emission in sewer systems is associated with toxicity, corrosion, odour nuisance and high costs treatment. In this study, a novel method to inhibit sulfide generation from sewage by means of glutaraldehyde supplementation has been suggested and evaluated under anaerobic conditions. Different concentrations of glutaraldehyde at 10, 15, 20, 30 and 40 mg·L have been investigated. Besides, the possible impacts of glutaraldehyde supplementation on an activated sludge system and an appraisal of the economic aspects are presented as well. As observed from the experimental results, a dosage of 20 mg·L glutaraldehyde resulted in a significant decrease of the sulfide production by 70%–80% in the simulated sewage. Moreover, the impacts of additional glutaraldehyde at 20 mg·L on activated sludge, in terms of chemical oxygen demand removal and oxygen uptake rates, were negligible. From an economical point of view, the cost of the commercial glutaraldehyde products required in the operation, which was calculated on the basis of activated sulfide removal avoidance, was around €3.7–4.6 S·kg . Therefore it is suggested that glutaraldehyde supplementation is a feasible technique to abate the sulfide problems in sewer systems. Yet further research is required to elucidate the optimum “booster” dosage and the dosing frequency in situ accordingly.

关键词: corrosion     glutaraldehyde     sulfate-reducing bacteria     sulfide     urban sewage    

Structural and optical properties of nanostructured copper sulfide semiconductor synthesized in an industrial

Marcela Achimovičová, Erika Dutková, Erika Tóthová, Zdenka Bujňáková, Jaroslav Briančin, Satoshi Kitazono

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2019年 第13卷 第1期   页码 164-170 doi: 10.1007/s11705-018-1755-2

摘要:

Chalcogenide nanostructured semiconductor, copper sulfide (CuS) was prepared from copper and sulfur powders in stoichiometric ratio by a simple, fast, and convenient one-step mechanochemical synthesis after 40 min of milling in an industrial eccentric vibratory mill. The kinetics of the mechanochemical synthesis and the influence of the physical properties of two Cu powder precursor types on the kinetics were studied. The crystal structure, physical properties, and morphology of the product were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), the specific surface area measurements, particle size distribution and scanning electron microscopy. The XRD analysis confirmed the hexagonal crystal structure of the product-CuS (covellite) with the average size of the crystallites 11 nm. The scanning electron microscopy analysis has revealed that the agglomerated grains have a plate-like structure composed of CuS nanoparticles. The thermal analysis was performed to investigate the thermal stability of the mechanochemically synthesized CuS. The optical properties were studied using UV-Vis and photoluminescence spectroscopy. The determined optical band gap energy 1.80 eV responds to the value of the bulk CuS, because of agglomerated nanoparticles. In addition, a mechanism of CuS mechanochemical reaction was proposed, and the verification of CuS commercial production was performed.

关键词: copper sulfide     industrial mechanochemical synthesis     thermal analysis     optical properties    

Removing carbonyl sulfide with metal-modified activated carbon

Juan QIU,Ping NING,Xueqian WANG,Kai LI,Wei LIU,Wei CHEN,Langlang WANG

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2016年 第10卷 第1期   页码 11-18 doi: 10.1007/s11783-014-0714-5

摘要: A Cu-Co-K/activated carbon (AC) adsorbent has been developed for the removal of carbonyl sulfide (COS). The effects of COS concentration, reaction temperature and relative humidity were closely examined. A breakthrough of 33.23 mg COS·g adsorbent at 60°C, under 30% relative humidity and in presence of 1.0% oxygen was exhibited in the Cu-Co-K/AC adsorbent prepared. Competitive adsorption studies for COS in the presence of CS , and H S were also conducted. TPD analysis was used to identify sulfur-containing products on the carbon surface, and the results indicated that H S, COS and SO were all evident in the effluent gas generated from the exhausted Cu-Co-K/AC. Structure of the activated carbon samples has been characterized using nitrogen adsorption, and their surface chemical structures were also determined with X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). It turns out that the modification with Cu(OH) CO -CoPcS-KOH can significantly improve the COS removal capacity, forming species simultaneously. Regeneration of the spent activated carbon sorbents by thermal desorption has also been explored.

关键词: carbonyl sulfide     activated carbon     removal     reactive adsorption    

Preparation, characterization of sludge adsorbent and investigations on its removal of hydrogen sulfide

Fen LI,Tao LEI,Yanping ZHANG,Jinzhi WEI,Ying YANG

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2015年 第9卷 第2期   页码 190-196 doi: 10.1007/s11783-014-0628-2

摘要: To recycle the sludge resource from sewage treatment plants and solve the problem of odor pollution, the sludge was converted into an adsorbent by carbonized pyrolysis and the process was optimized by orthogonal experiments. The capability for odor removal as well as the structure of the adsorbent was studied with H S as a target pollutant. The results indicate that the main factor affecting the deodorization performance of the adsorbent is the activating time. The sludge adsorbent sample SAC1 prepared under optimum conditions exhibits the best deodorization performance with a H S breakthrough time of 58 min and an iodine value nearly that of the coal activated carbon. The breakthrough time of H S is much longer than that on the coal activated carbon. On the other hand, characterization results from X-ray diffractometer (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectrometer (XPS) and scanning electron microscope (SEM) techniques show that SAC1 is composed of mainly graphite carbon with lower oxygen content on the surface. The bulk of SAC1 exhibits a honeycomb structure with well developed porosity and a high specific surface area of 120.47 m ·g , with the average pore diameter being about 5 nm. Such a structure is in favor of H S adsorption. Moreover, SAC1 is detected to contain various metal elements such as Zn, Fe, Mg, etc., leading to a superior deodorization property to that of coal activated carbon.

关键词: orthogonal experiment     sludge adsorbent     hydrogen sulfide    

Graphene-reinforced metal-organic frameworks derived cobalt sulfide/carbon nanocomposites as efficient

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2021年 第15卷 第6期   页码 1487-1499 doi: 10.1007/s11705-021-2085-3

摘要: Developing cost-effective electrocatalysts for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR), oxygen evolution reaction (OER) and hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) is vital in energy conversion and storage applications. Herein, we report a simple method for the synthesis of graphene-reinforced CoS/C nanocomposites and the evaluation of their electrocatalytic performance for typical electrocatalytic reactions. Nanocomposites of CoS embedded in N, S co-doped porous carbon and graphene (CoS@C/Graphene) were generated via simultaneous sulfurization and carbonization of one-pot synthesized graphite oxide-ZIF-67 precursors. The obtained CoS@C/Graphene nanocomposites were characterized by X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis-mass spectroscopy, scanning electronic microscopy, transmission electronic microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and gas sorption. It is found that CoS nanoparticles homogenously dispersed in the in situ formed N, S co-doped porous carbon/graphene matrix. The CoS@C/10Graphene composite not only shows excellent electrocatalytic activity toward ORR with high onset potential of 0.89 V, four-electron pathway and superior durability of maintaining 98% of current after continuously running for around 5 h, but also exhibits good performance for OER and HER, due to the improved electrical conductivity, increased catalytic active sites and connectivity between the electrocatalytic active CoS and the carbon matrix. This work offers a new approach for the development of novel multifunctional nanocomposites for the next generation of energy conversion and storage applications.

关键词: MOF derivative     graphene     electrocatalyst     oxygen reduction reaction     oxygen evolution reaction     hydrogen evolution reaction    

PSS sorbents for removing trace hydrogen sulfide in methane

Limei ZHONG, Li ZHOU

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2011年 第5卷 第3期   页码 339-342 doi: 10.1007/s11705-010-0569-7

摘要: Sorbents of the pressure swing sorption process (PSS) to remove trace amount of H S (190 ppm) contained in methane were experimentally studied. The sorbents consist of adsorbent carrier (silica gel or activated carbon) and absorbent which spreads outside the carrier granules’ pores (triethanolamine, TEA or -methyl-2-pyrrolidone, NMP). The results of breakthrough and regeneration tests show that silica gel is more suitable to be the carrier than activated carbon and TEA is more suitable to be the absorbent than NMP. The loaded absorbent could enlarge the sorption capacity of H S considerably. And the BET tests indicate that the absorbent deposits on the surface of the carrier’s pores and can reduce the mesopores’ size and block the micropores.

关键词: pressure swing sorption     H2S     methane     carrier     absorbent    

混酸溶浸—硫化沉锡工艺处理ITO废料回收铟锡

王树楷

《中国工程科学》 2009年 第11卷 第9期   页码 34-37

摘要:

采用混酸溶浸—硫化沉锡工艺处理ITO废料,解决了料液难滤和有效回收铟和锡的问题。

关键词: ITO     废料             混酸溶浸—硫化沉锡工艺    

A review on research and development of iron-based sorbents for removal of hydrogen sulfide from hot

Jianglong YU, Liping CHANG, Fan LI, Kechang XIE

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2010年 第4卷 第4期   页码 529-535 doi: 10.1007/s11705-010-0519-4

摘要: In poly-generation and integrated gasification-combined cycle (IGCC) systems for clean energy conversion, it is essential to remove impurities such as sulfur species from hot coal gases prior to entering the subsequent units. This paper provides a comprehensive review on previous studies on high temperature removal of hydrogen sulfide from high temperature coal gases using iron-based sorbents. A two-step desulphurization process for hot coal gas cleanup is highlighted, which is integrated with direct production of elemental sulfur during regeneration of iron-based sorbents in the primary desulphurization step. Different kinetic modeling approaches for sulfidation and regeneration were compared. Limited research on activated carbon supported sorbents was also briefly summarized.

关键词: hot coal gas cleanup     iron-based sorbents     sulfidation     regeneration     sulphur recovery    

Combined Fenton process and sulfide precipitation for removal of heavy metals from industrial wastewater

Huosheng Li, Hongguo Zhang, Jianyou Long, Ping Zhang, Yongheng Chen

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2019年 第13卷 第4期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-019-1130-7

摘要:

Addition of alkali to pH 10 is effective for precipitation of precipitable metals.

Fenton treatment is effective for substantial removal of Tl, Cd, Cu, Pb, and Zn.

Sulfide precipitation is a final step for removal of trace Tl, Cd, Cu, Pb, and Zn.

Bench and pilot studies demonstrated the effectiveness of this combined technique.

关键词: Thallium     Pilot     Fenton     Sulfide precipitation     Heavy metal     Industrial wastewater    

标题 作者 时间 类型 操作

New method for efficient control of hydrogen sulfide and methane in gravity sewers: Combination of NaOH

期刊论文

Control of hydrogen sulfide emissions using autotrophic denitrification landfill biocovers: engineering

Daoroong SUNGTHONG, Debra R. REINHART

期刊论文

extracellular polymeric substances from activated sludge on the aggregation kinetics of silver and silver sulfide

期刊论文

Recent advances of small-molecule fluorescent probes for detecting biological hydrogen sulfide

期刊论文

Therapeutic application of hydrogen sulfide donors: the potential and challenges

null

期刊论文

Ozone kinetics of dimethyl sulfide in the presence of water vapor

Haitao WANG

期刊论文

Abatement of sulfide generation in sewage by glutaraldehyde supplementation and the impact on the activated

Lehua ZHANG,Jingxing MA,Yinchen JIN,Haiqin ZHANG,Yongdi LIU,Lankun Cai

期刊论文

Structural and optical properties of nanostructured copper sulfide semiconductor synthesized in an industrial

Marcela Achimovičová, Erika Dutková, Erika Tóthová, Zdenka Bujňáková, Jaroslav Briančin, Satoshi Kitazono

期刊论文

Removing carbonyl sulfide with metal-modified activated carbon

Juan QIU,Ping NING,Xueqian WANG,Kai LI,Wei LIU,Wei CHEN,Langlang WANG

期刊论文

Preparation, characterization of sludge adsorbent and investigations on its removal of hydrogen sulfide

Fen LI,Tao LEI,Yanping ZHANG,Jinzhi WEI,Ying YANG

期刊论文

Graphene-reinforced metal-organic frameworks derived cobalt sulfide/carbon nanocomposites as efficient

期刊论文

PSS sorbents for removing trace hydrogen sulfide in methane

Limei ZHONG, Li ZHOU

期刊论文

混酸溶浸—硫化沉锡工艺处理ITO废料回收铟锡

王树楷

期刊论文

A review on research and development of iron-based sorbents for removal of hydrogen sulfide from hot

Jianglong YU, Liping CHANG, Fan LI, Kechang XIE

期刊论文

Combined Fenton process and sulfide precipitation for removal of heavy metals from industrial wastewater

Huosheng Li, Hongguo Zhang, Jianyou Long, Ping Zhang, Yongheng Chen

期刊论文