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Vibration control efficiency of piezoelectric shunt damping system

Dan WU, Zhichun YANG, Hao SUN,

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2009年 第4卷 第4期   页码 441-446 doi: 10.1007/s11465-009-0055-4

摘要: The piezoelectric shunt damping technique based on the direct piezoelectric effect has been known as a simple, low-lost, lightweight, and easy to implement method for passive damping control of structural vibration. In this technique, a piezoelectric material is used to transform mechanical energy to electrical energy. When applying the piezoelectric shunt damping technique to passively control structural vibration, the piezoelectric materials must be bonded on or embedded in host structure where large strain is induced during vibration, thus to ensure vibrational mechanical energy to be transformed into electrical energy as much as possible. In this paper, the concept of vibration control efficiency of a piezoelectric shunt damping system is proposed and studied theoretically and experimentally. In the study, PZT patches are used as energy converter, and the vibration control efficiency is expressed by the vibration reduction rate per area of the PZT patches. Emphasis is laid on the effect of the generalized electromechanical coupling coefficient on the vibration control efficiency. Four PZT patches with different sizes are bonded on the geometrical central area of four similar clamped aluminum plates, respectively, and vibration control experiments are conducted for these plates using the R-L shunt circuit. The results indicate that the bigger the coupling coefficient , the larger the rate of vibration reduction, and hence, the higher the vibration control efficiency. It also shows that the vibration responses of the first mode of the plates bonded with different PZT patches can be reduced by about 30.5%,48.58%,85.47%, and 89.91%, respectively. It comes to a conclusion that the vibration control efficiency of the piezoelectric shunt damping system decreases with the increase of the area of the PZT patch, whereas the vibration reduction of the plate increases with the area of the PZT patch. Therefore, it is necessary to make topology optimization for the PZT patch in the vibration control utilizing the piezoelectric shunt damping technique.

关键词: piezoelectric shunt     vibration control efficiency     clamped plate     generalized electromechanical coupling coefficient    

IPMC gripper static analysis based on finite element analysis

Hanmin PENG, Yao HUI, Qingjun DING, Huafeng LI, Chunsheng ZHAO,

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2010年 第5卷 第2期   页码 204-211 doi: 10.1007/s11465-010-0005-1

摘要: Recently, a type of flexible grippers with low power supply (0–5 V) has been designed and developed for grasping small but precision parts. In previous work, the authors manufactured a soft gripper whose actuating components are made of ionic polymer-metal composite (IPMC) materials; however, there is not a comprehensive model to analyze the complete mechanics for this IPMC gripper. Therefore, this paper provides a finite element method for analyzing its static mechanics characteristics in the state with maximal stress and strain (i.e., the gripper opening largest, including the IPMC deformation, stress, and strain). Further, these electromechanical coupling relationships can be simulated by using the piezoelectric analysis module based on ANSYS software. The simulation results show that the maximal tip displacement of IPMC strips can nearly reach their own free length, the maximal stress is 54 MPa in the center of copper electrodes, and the maximal strain is 0.0286 on the IPMC strip. The results provide detailed numerical solutions and appropriate finite element analysis methodologies beneficial for further research on the optimization design, forecast analysis, and control field.

关键词: ionic polymer-metal composite (IPMC)     artificial muscles     actuator     flexible gripper     finite element analysis     electromechanical coupling    

Polymer nanocomposites for microactuation and magneto-electric transduction

Kaori YUSE, Benoit GUIFFARD, Rabah BELOUADAH, Lionel PETIT, Laurence SEVEYRAT, Daniel GUYOMAR

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2009年 第4卷 第3期   页码 350-354 doi: 10.1007/s11465-009-0056-3

摘要: In the last decade, electroactive polymers have attracted much attention especially because of their very actuating capabilities. Large strain is experimentally observed, but under quite high electrical field, which can be a severe drawback for actuating applications. First part of the present paper is concerned with the reduction of applied field onto electroactive polymer films to get a given strain level. Polyurethane (PU) films filled with carbon black (CB) nanoparticles exhibit relatively high strain level under a field of only 12.5 kV/mm. The simple easy-to-make method solution cast method was applied. Even though the generated stress level is still quite low, the present work shows high strain level under quite low field appliance by easy manufacturing, lightweight, and flexible polymer film. Besides, another interest of the present paper is in magneto-elasto-electric effect of a polymer film filled with some magnetic nano particles. Films filled with nonpiezoelectric but with magnetite particles has still short history. With the use of magneto materials, a large magnetic DC bias field is generally required, and it causes big problem on application. The films filled with some magnetite nanoparticles (Fe3O4 and Nickel) are fabricated then examined. It is clearly demonstrated that our films do not require any DC bias. Although linear polarization value is relatively small, the first step of the studies on magnetite nano-filled film is presented.

关键词: electroactive polymers     carbon filling     actuator     nanocarbon     electromechanical coupling     dielectric polymer actuators     polymer actuators     microactuation     magneto-electric effect    

磁力金属带传动的传动特性分析

罗善明,郭迎福,陈安华,余以道,陈立锋

《中国工程科学》 2005年 第7卷 第7期   页码 76-80

摘要:

介绍了磁力金属带传动的工作原理,分析和探讨了其有效拉力、线速度及弹性滑动率等传动性能,并通过实验测定了相关性能参数。结果表明,磁力金属带传动主要是利用磁场吸引力与初拉力的耦合作用来增加摩擦力进而传递运动和动力的,其传动效率可达95%~98%,而弹性滑动率一般在0.1%以下。

关键词: 带传动     金属带     磁场吸引力     机电耦合    

Special issue: Micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS)

Zhuangde JIANG

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2017年 第12卷 第4期   页码 457-458 doi: 10.1007/s11465-017-0492-4

Design and characteristic research of a novel electromechanical-hydraulic hybrid actuator with two transmission

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2023年 第18卷 第2期 doi: 10.1007/s11465-022-0735-x

摘要: Servo-hydraulic actuators (SHAs) are widely used in mechanical equipment to drive heavy-duty mechanisms. However, their energy efficiency is low, and their motion characteristics are inevitably affected by uncertain nonlinearities. Electromechanical actuators (EMAs) possess superior energy efficiency and motion characteristics. However, they cannot easily drive heavy-duty mechanisms because of weak bearing capacity. This study proposes and designs a novel electromechanical-hydraulic hybrid actuator (EMHA) that integrates the advantages of EMA and SHA. EMHA mainly features two transmission mechanisms. The piston of the hydraulic transmission mechanism and the ball screw pair of the electromechanical transmission mechanism are mechanically fixed together through screw bolts, realizing the integration of two types of transmission mechanisms. The control scheme of the electromechanical transmission mechanism is used for motion control, and the hydraulic transmission mechanism is used for power assistance. Then, the mathematical model, structure, and parameter design of the new EMHA are studied. Finally, the EMHA prototype and test platform are manufactured. The test results prove that the EMHA has good working characteristics and high energy efficiency. Compared with the valve-controlled hydraulic cylinder system, EMHA exhibits a velocity tracking error and energy consumption reduced by 49.7% and 54%, respectively, under the same working conditions.

关键词: electromechanical-hydraulic hybrid actuator (EMHA)     integration     transmission mechanisms     power assistance     energy efficiency     working characteristics    

Microdamage study of granite under thermomechanical coupling based on the particle flow code

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》   页码 1413-1427 doi: 10.1007/s11709-023-0953-2

摘要: The thermomechanical coupling of rocks refers to the interaction between the mechanical and thermodynamic behaviors of rocks induced by temperature changes. The study of this coupling interaction is essential for understanding the mechanical and thermodynamic properties of the surrounding rocks in underground engineering. In this study, an improved temperature-dependent linear parallel bond model is introduced under the framework of a particle flow simulation. A series of numerical thermomechanical coupling tests are then conducted to calibrate the micro-parameters of the proposed model by considering the mechanical behavior of the rock under different thermomechanical loadings. Good agreement between the numerical results and experimental data are obtained, particularly in terms of the compression, tension, and elastic responses of granite. With this improved model, the thermodynamic response and underlying cracking behavior of a deep-buried tunnel under different thermal loading conditions are investigated and discussed in detail.

关键词: thermomechanical coupling effect     granite     improved linear parallel bond model     thermal property     particle flow code    

Simulation of steel beam under ceiling jet based on a wind–fire–structure coupling model

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2023年 第17卷 第1期   页码 78-98 doi: 10.1007/s11709-022-0936-8

摘要: For localized fires, it is necessary to consider the thermal and mechanical responses of building elements subject to uneven heating under the influence of wind. In this paper, the thermomechanical phenomena experienced by a ceiling jet and I-beam in a structural fire were simulated. Instead of applying the concept of adiabatic surface temperature (AST) to achieve fluid–structure coupling, this paper proposes a new computational fluid dynamics–finite element method numerical simulation that combines wind, fire, thermal, and structural analyses. First, to analyze the velocity and temperature distributions, the results of the numerical model and experiment were compared in windless conditions, showing good agreement. Vortices were found in the local area formed by the upper and lower flanges of the I-beam and the web, generating a local high-temperature zone and enhancing the heat transfer of convection. In an incoming-flow scenario, the flame was blown askew significantly; the wall temperature was bimodally distributed in the axial direction. The first temperature peak was mainly caused by radiative heat transfer, while the second resulted from convective heat transfer. In terms of mechanical response, the yield strength degradation in the highest-temperature region in windless conditions was found to be significant, thus explaining the stress distribution of steel beams in the fire field. The mechanical response of the overall elements considering the incoming flows was essentially elastic.

关键词: CFD–FEM coupling     steel beam     wind     ceiling jet     numerical heat transfer    

catalysts derived from zeolitic imidazolate framework@MXene composites for efficient oxidative self-coupling

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2023年 第18卷 第1期 doi: 10.1007/s11705-023-2378-9

摘要: In this study, we synthesize a catalyst comprising cobalt nanoparticles supported on MXene by pyrolyzing a composite in a N2 environment. Specifically, the composite comprises a bimetallic Zn/Co zeolitic imidazole framework grown in situ on the outer surface of MXene. The catalytic efficiency of the catalyst is tested for the self-coupling of 4-methoxybenzylamine to produce value-added imine, where atmospheric oxygen (1 atm) is used as the oxidant. Based on the results, the catalyst displayed impressive catalytic activity, achieving 95.4% yield of the desired imine at 383 K for 8 h. Furthermore, the catalyst showed recyclability and tolerance toward benzylamine substrates with various functional groups. The outstanding performance of the catalyst is primarily attributed to the synergetic catalytic effect between the cobalt nanoparticles and MXene support, while also benefiting from the three-dimensional porous structure. Additionally, a preliminary investigation of potential reaction mechanisms is conducted.

关键词: MXene     sacrificial template     oxidative self-coupling     Co nanoparticles     imine    

Effect of alkyl nitrite decomposition on catalytic performance of CO coupling reaction over supported

Zhenhua LI, Weihan WANG, Dongxue YIN, Jing LV, Xinbin MA

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2012年 第6卷 第4期   页码 410-414 doi: 10.1007/s11705-012-1213-5

摘要: The syntheses of dimethyl oxalate (DMO) and diethyl oxalate (DEO) by CO coupling reaction in gaseous phase were investigated in a fixed bed reactor over Pd-Fe/Al O catalyst. The catalytic performance was characterized by CO conversion, space-time yield (STY) and selectivity of DMO (or DEO). The results showed that over Pd-Fe/Al O catalyst, the STY of DMO was higher than that of DEO under the same reaction conditions. The optimum reaction temperatures for synthesizing DMO and DEO were 403 K and 393 K, respectively, at the molar ratio 1 ∶ 1 of alkyl nitrite to CO. The difference in synthesizing DMO and DEO on the same catalyst was attributed to the decomposition performances of methyl nitrite (MN) and ethyl nitrite (EN), as density functional theory (DFT) calculation showed that EN decomposed more easily than MN.

关键词: palladium     CO coupling     dialkyl oxalate     alkyl nitrite     decomposition    

Thermodynamic and economic analyses of a coal and biomass indirect coupling power generation system

Buqing YE, Rui ZHANG, Jin CAO, Bingquan SHI, Xun ZHOU, Dong LIU

《能源前沿(英文)》 2020年 第14卷 第3期   页码 590-606 doi: 10.1007/s11708-020-0809-6

摘要: The coal and biomass coupling power generation technology is considered as a promising technology for energy conservation and emission reduction. In this paper, a novel coal and biomass indirect coupling system is proposed based on the technology of biomass gasification and co-combustion of coal and gasification gas. For the sake of comparison, a coal and biomass direct coupling system is also introduced based on the technology of co-combustion of coal and biomass. The process of the direct and the indirect coupling system is simulated. The thermodynamic and economic performances of two systems are analyzed and compared. The simulation indicates that the thermodynamic performance of the indirect coupling system is slightly worse, but the economic performance is better than that of the direct coupling system. When the blending ratio of biomass is 20%, the energy and exergy efficiencies of the indirect coupling system are 42.70% and 41.14%, the internal rate of return (IRR) and discounted payback period (DPP) of the system are 25.68% and 8.56 years. The price fluctuation of fuels and products has a great influence on the economic performance of the indirect coupling system. The environmental impact analysis indicates that the indirect coupling system can inhibit the propagation of NO and reduce the environmental cost.

关键词: biomass     indirect coupling system     process simulation     thermodynamic analysis     economic analysis    

Enhancing the aromatic selectivity of cyclohexane aromatization by CO2 coupling

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2023年 第17卷 第11期   页码 1801-1808 doi: 10.1007/s11705-023-2325-9

摘要: Improving the aromatic selectivity in the alkane aromatization process is of great importance for its practical utilization but challenge to make because the high H/C ratio of alkanes would lead to a serious hydrogen transfer process and a large amount of light alkanes. Herein, CO2 is introduced into the cyclohexane conversion process on the HZSM-5 zeolite, which can improve the aromatic selectivity. By optimizing the reaction conditions, an improved aromatic (benzene, toluene, xylene, and C9+) selectivity of 48.2% can be obtained at the conditions of 2.7 MPa (CO2), 450 °C, and 1.7 h−1, which is better than that without CO2 (aromatic selectivity = 43.2%). In situ transmission Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy spectra illustrate that many oxygenated chemical intermediates (e.g., carboxylic acid, anhydride, unsaturated aldehydes/ketones or ketene) would be formed during the cyclohexane conversion process in the presence of CO2. 13C isotope labeling experimental results demonstrate that CO2 can enter into the aromatics through the formation of oxygenated chemical intermediates and thereby improve the aromatic selectivity. This study may open a green, economic, and promising way to improve the aromatic selectivity for alkane aromatization process.

关键词: aromatics     carbon dioxide     aromatization     coupling reaction     ZSM-5 zeolite    

Mild and highly regioselective synthesis of biaryl acids via Rh(I)-catalyzed cross-dehydrogenative coupling

Yun Liu, Youquan Zhu, Chaojun Li

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2018年 第12卷 第1期   页码 3-8 doi: 10.1007/s11705-017-1693-4

摘要: A mild and efficient synthesis for the biaryl acids via rhodium-catalyzed cross-dehydrogenative coupling reaction has been developed. This novel protocol with sodium chlorite as an oxidant featured many advantages such as mild reaction conditions, high regioselectivity, tolerance of various functional groups, and good to excellent yields.

关键词: biaryl acids     cross-dehydrogenative coupling     rhodium-catalyzed    

Modeling of specific structure crystallization coupling with dissolution

Yuanhui JI, Hongliang QIAN, Chang LIU, Xiaohua LU, Xin FENG, Xiaoyan JI,

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2010年 第4卷 第1期   页码 52-56 doi: 10.1007/s11705-009-0301-7

摘要: In this paper, the research framework for specific structure crystallization modeling has been proposed in which four steps are required in order to investigate the rigorous crystallization modeling by thermodynamics. The first is the activity coefficient model of the solution, the second is Solid-Liquid equilibrium, the third and fourth are the dissolution and crystallization kinetics modeling, respectively. Our investigations show that the mechanisms of complex structure formation and microphase transition can be analyzed by combining the dissolution and crystallization kinetics modeling. Moreover, the formation mechanism of the porous KCl has been analyzed, which may provide a reference for the porous structure formation in the advanced material synthesis.

关键词: structure crystallization     activity coefficient     reference     KCl     dissolution    

A novel structural modification to eliminate the early coupling between bending and torsional mode shapes

Nazim Abdul NARIMAN

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2017年 第11卷 第2期   页码 131-142 doi: 10.1007/s11709-016-0376-4

摘要: In this paper, a novel structural modification approach has been adopted to eliminate the early coupling between the bending and torsional mode shapes of vibrations for a cable stayed bridge model generated using ABAQUS software. Two lateral steel beams are added to the middle span of the structure. Frequency analysis is dedicated to obtain the natural frequencies of the first eight mode shapes of vibrations before and after the structural modification approach. Numerical simulations of wind excitations are conducted for the 3D model of the cable stayed bridge with duration of 30 s supporting on real data of a strong wind from the literature. Both vertical and torsional displacements are calculated at the mid span of the deck to analyze both the bending and the torsional stiffness of the system before and after the structural modification. The results of the frequency analysis after applying lateral steel beams declared a safer structure against vertical and torsional vibrations and rarely expected flutter wind speed. Furthermore, the coupling between the vertical and torsional mode shapes has been removed to larger natural frequencies magnitudes with a high factor of safety. The novel structural approach manifested great efficiency in increasing vertical and torsional stiffness of the structure.

关键词: aeroelastic instability     structural damping     flutter wind speed     bending stiffness     torsional stiffness    

标题 作者 时间 类型 操作

Vibration control efficiency of piezoelectric shunt damping system

Dan WU, Zhichun YANG, Hao SUN,

期刊论文

IPMC gripper static analysis based on finite element analysis

Hanmin PENG, Yao HUI, Qingjun DING, Huafeng LI, Chunsheng ZHAO,

期刊论文

Polymer nanocomposites for microactuation and magneto-electric transduction

Kaori YUSE, Benoit GUIFFARD, Rabah BELOUADAH, Lionel PETIT, Laurence SEVEYRAT, Daniel GUYOMAR

期刊论文

磁力金属带传动的传动特性分析

罗善明,郭迎福,陈安华,余以道,陈立锋

期刊论文

Special issue: Micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS)

Zhuangde JIANG

期刊论文

Design and characteristic research of a novel electromechanical-hydraulic hybrid actuator with two transmission

期刊论文

Microdamage study of granite under thermomechanical coupling based on the particle flow code

期刊论文

Simulation of steel beam under ceiling jet based on a wind–fire–structure coupling model

期刊论文

catalysts derived from zeolitic imidazolate framework@MXene composites for efficient oxidative self-coupling

期刊论文

Effect of alkyl nitrite decomposition on catalytic performance of CO coupling reaction over supported

Zhenhua LI, Weihan WANG, Dongxue YIN, Jing LV, Xinbin MA

期刊论文

Thermodynamic and economic analyses of a coal and biomass indirect coupling power generation system

Buqing YE, Rui ZHANG, Jin CAO, Bingquan SHI, Xun ZHOU, Dong LIU

期刊论文

Enhancing the aromatic selectivity of cyclohexane aromatization by CO2 coupling

期刊论文

Mild and highly regioselective synthesis of biaryl acids via Rh(I)-catalyzed cross-dehydrogenative coupling

Yun Liu, Youquan Zhu, Chaojun Li

期刊论文

Modeling of specific structure crystallization coupling with dissolution

Yuanhui JI, Hongliang QIAN, Chang LIU, Xiaohua LU, Xin FENG, Xiaoyan JI,

期刊论文

A novel structural modification to eliminate the early coupling between bending and torsional mode shapes

Nazim Abdul NARIMAN

期刊论文