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Optimal portfolio design of energy storage devices with financial and physical right market

《能源前沿(英文)》 2022年 第16卷 第1期   页码 95-104 doi: 10.1007/s11708-021-0788-2

摘要: With the continuous development of the spot market, in the multi-stage power market environment with the day-ahead market and right market, the study associated with the portfolio of energy storage devices requires that attention should be paid to transmission congestion and power congestion. To maximize the profit of energy storage and avoid the imbalance of power supply and consumption and the risk of node price fluctuation caused by transmission congestion, this paper presents a portfolio strategy of energy storage devices with financial/physical contracts. First, the concepts of financial/physical transmission rights and financial/physical storage rights are proposed. Then, the portfolio models of financial contract and physical contract are established with the conditional value-at-risk to measure the risks. Finally, the portfolio models are verified through the test data of the Pennsylvania-New Jersey-Maryland (PJM) electric power spot market, and the comparison between the risk aversion of portfolios based on financial/physical contract with the portfolio of the market without rights. The simulation results show that the portfolio models proposed in this paper can effectively avoid the risk of market price fluctuations.

关键词: portfolio     node price fluctuation     transmission right     energy storage right     risk aversion    

Do right PLS and do PLS right: A critical review of the application of PLS-SEM in construction management

Ningshuang ZENG, Yan LIU, Pan GONG, Marcel HERTOGH, Markus KÖNIG

《工程管理前沿(英文)》 2021年 第8卷 第3期   页码 356-369 doi: 10.1007/s42524-021-0153-5

摘要: Partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) is a modern multivariate analysis technique with a demonstrated ability to estimate theoretically established cause-effect relationship models. This technique has been increasingly adopted in construction management research over the last two decades. Accordingly, a critical review of studies adopting PLS-SEM appears to be a timely and valuable endeavor. This paper offers a critical review of 139 articles that applied PLS-SEM from 2002 to 2019. Results show that the misuse of PLS-SEM can be avoided. Critical issues related to the application of PLS-SEM, research design, model development, and model evaluation are discussed in detail. This paper is the first to highlight the use and misuse of PLS-SEM in the construction management area and provides recommendations to facilitate the future application of PLS-SEM in this field.

关键词: PLS     SEM     construction management     literature review     misuse    

网络主权保障问题研究

邹鹏,何骏,邹红霞,刘韵洁

《中国工程科学》 2016年 第18卷 第6期   页码 8-12 doi: 10.15302/J-SSCAE-2016.06.002

摘要:

随着网络空间承载国家公共和私人利益的日益广泛,网络主权及其保障问题已引起了国际社会的高度重视。本文结合当前我国网络主权的现状,从网络独立权、网络平等权、网络自卫权和网络管辖权的角度分析了我国网络主权保障目前应当关注的主要问题,并给出了相应的对策建议,力求推动网络主权观的确立,增强我国在国际网络空间治理规则制定方面的话语权,提升维护国家网络空间安全利益的能力。

关键词: 网络主权     网络独立权     网络平等权     网络自卫权     网络管辖权     网络边防    

Erratum to: Industrial water treatment and industrial marine outfalls: Achieving the right balance

Adrian W. K. Law, Chunyan Tang

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2017年 第11卷 第2期   页码 290-290 doi: 10.1007/s11705-017-1639-x

深圳城市供水系统产权结构重组模式及评价

肖文,欧阳芳锐,王先甲

《中国工程科学》 2004年 第6卷 第7期   页码 48-52

摘要:

提出了城市供水系统产权结构重组的两种基本模式,运用制度经济学和管理学理论,提出产权结构模式评价的指标与方法,分析了这两种产权结构模式的特性和在这两种模式下不同利益主体的行为与利益关系的变化特点及优缺点,并提出了缓解劣势的手段与方法。

关键词: 城市供水     产权结构     产权重组     产权模式评价    

Sudden death due to arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy: Two case reports

CHEN Xinshan, ZHANG Yigu, RAO Guangxun, HUANG Guangzhao

《医学前沿(英文)》 2007年 第1卷 第3期   页码 338-342 doi: 10.1007/s11684-007-0065-8

摘要: Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is a kind of primary myocardial disease characterized by the regional or global replacement of right ventricular myocardium by fatty and fibrolipomatous tissues. The ARVC, usually presenting with different clinical manifestations and pathological changes, were mainly seen in young men and is one of the main causes of sudden death in the young. Here two autopsied cases of Chinese men aged 30 and 23 years old who appeared healthy but died suddenly while at work are reported respectively. One of the victims had extensive and severe pathological changes in his heart involving the left ventricular wall as well as the ventricular septum and the right atrium. Not only was there a global fatty and fibrolipomatous tissue replacement of the right ventricular myocardia, but also mild sarcoplasmic coagulation in the myocardium and focal lymphocytic infiltration in the myocardial interstitium of the right ventricular wall. In addition, slight atherosclerosis of the coronary artery and intimal thickening of the sino-atrial node were observed. It is believed that there are no marked differences in the pathological changes of ARVC between Chinese patients and patients from western countries. The etiology and pathogenesis of ARVC could not be explained by a single cause or factor and they are probably related to various congenital and acquired causes or factors.

关键词: sarcoplasmic coagulation     acquired     ventricular myocardium     sino-atrial     autopsied    

Choosing configurations of transmission line tower grounding by back flashover probability value

Dmitry KUKLIN

《能源前沿(英文)》 2016年 第10卷 第2期   页码 213-226 doi: 10.1007/s11708-016-0398-6

摘要: There is a considerable number of works devoted to electrical characteristics of grounding. These characteristics are important in general. However, in application to grounding of transmission line towers they are not enough to determine what grounding construction is preferable in some particular case, because these characteristics are calculated or measured apart from the grounded object, and only limited number of current (or voltage) source waveforms is used. This paper indicates reasons in favor of the fact that to choose the optimum design of grounding, the calculation model should include the tower as it is. The probability of back flashover, which provides both qualitative and quantitative estimate of the grounding structure efficiency, can be taken as the criterion for the grounding design. The insulation flashover probability is calculated on the basis of engineering method, which evaluates breakdown strength of insulation for nonstandard waveshapes, and probability data on lightning currents. Different approaches are examined for identifying the back flashover probability, as not only amplitudes but also other parameters can be taken into account. Finite-difference time-domain method is used for calculations of transients. It is found that lightning current waveform can greatly influence calculated back flashover probability value.

关键词: grounding     transmission line tower     back flashover probability     FDTD method    

Right coronary occlusion following transcatheter aortic valve implantation: two case reports

null

《医学前沿(英文)》 2016年 第10卷 第3期   页码 351-355 doi: 10.1007/s11684-016-0465-8

摘要:

This paper discusses two male patients with severe aortic stenosis, whose right coronary arteries (RCA) were completely occluded during transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), leading to fatal hemodynamic disorder. Occlusions of RCA complicated by TAVI are rare. In addition, emergency cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) played a critical role in rescuing our second patient. Both patients were admitted for “severe aortic stenosis,” and TAVIs were performed. The first patient’s blood pressure immediately dropped to 70/40 mmHg after the balloon expansion and did not increase much after the administration of aramine or fluid therapy. He did not receive emergency surgery and died after 1.5 h of resuscitation. The second patient’s blood pressure fluctuated greatly for several minutes after the valve implantation, ranging from 170/100 mmHg to 60/40 mmHg. Angiography revealed a total occlusion of RCA. Thoracic surgery with CPB was performed, and the patient survived.

关键词: aortic stenosis     transcatheter aortic valve implantation     right coronary occlusion     cardiac group    

Industrial water treatment and industrial marine outfalls: Achieving the right balance

Adrian W. K. Law,Chunyan Tang

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2016年 第10卷 第4期   页码 472-479 doi: 10.1007/s11705-016-1592-0

摘要: Industrial water treatment and industrial marine outfalls both function together to reduce the pollutant concentrations in the effluent and mitigate the potential impact on the environment. The former uses environmental treatment technology with energy and material cost considerations, while the latter utilizes the natural assimilation potential of the coastal water environment achievable at the outfall location. Because of their synergistic nature, marine outfalls are now commonly used for the disposal of partially treated domestic and industrial effluents in many coastal cities around the world, with many successful examples of low and acceptable risks to the environment. The objective of this paper is to review their balance from both environmental and economic considerations. We also discuss the end-of-the-pipe and mixing zone approaches for industrial effluents, and give some recommendations particularly for developing countries. Finally, we emphasize that a compulsory and vigorous monitoring program is essential regardless of how the balance is achieved.

关键词: industrial effluent treatment     industrial marine outfalls     economic and environmental considerations    

Pyogenic liver abscess as initial presentation in locally advanced right colon cancer invading the liver

Kai Qu, Chang Liu, Aasef M A Mansoor, Bo Wang, Jincai Chen, Liang Yu, Yi Lv

《医学前沿(英文)》 2011年 第5卷 第4期   页码 434-437 doi: 10.1007/s11684-011-0157-3

摘要: Locally advanced colorectal cancer complicated with adjacent organic invasion may remain confined to the local area with minimal metastasis. In the present paper, we report on a patient with advanced right colon cancer, including liver, gallbladder, and duodenal invasion behind the scene of liver abscess. resection was performed on the patient, with right-hemicolectomy, cholecystectomy, partial duodental resection, and hepatectomy. Postoperative management was administered, including nutritional support in the early postoperative period, effective anti-infection treatment, and adjuvant chemotherapy (FOLFOX4). The patient survived for 16 months after the operation. Common clinical manifestations of colorectal cancer were digestive symptoms and changes in defecation. However, the clinical manifestation of locally advanced colon cancer was extremely complicated. Extended or multivisceral resection may offer patients a chance to survive an acute crisis and allow for treatment with adjuvant therapy.

关键词: liver abscess     locally advanced colon cancer     multiorganic invasion    

Active fuel design—A way to manage the right fuel for HCCI engines

Zhen HUANG,Zhongzhao LI,Jianyong ZHANG,Xingcai LU,Junhua FANG,Dong HAN

《能源前沿(英文)》 2016年 第10卷 第1期   页码 14-28 doi: 10.1007/s11708-016-0399-5

摘要: Homogenous charge compression ignition (HCCI) engines feature high thermal efficiency and ultralow emissions compared to gasoline engines. However, unlike SI engines, HCCI combustion does not have a direct way to trigger the in-cylinder combustion. Therefore, gasoline HCCI combustion is facing challenges in the control of ignition and, combustion, and operational range extension. In this paper, an active fuel design concept was proposed to explore a potential pathway to optimize the HCCI engine combustion and broaden its operational range. The active fuel design concept was realized by real time control of dual-fuel (gasoline and n-heptane) port injection, with exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) rate and intake temperature adjusted. It was found that the cylinder-to-cylinder variation in HCCI combustion could be effectively reduced by the optimization in fuel injection proportion, and that the rapid transition process from SI to HCCI could be realized. The active fuel design technology could significantly increase the adaptability of HCCI combustion to increased EGR rate and reduced intake temperature. Active fuel design was shown to broaden the operational HCCI load to 9.3 bar indicated mean effective pressure (IMEP). HCCI operation was used by up to 70% of the SI mode load while reducing fuel consumption and nitrogen oxides emissions. Therefore, the active fuel design technology could manage the right fuel for clean engine combustion, and provide a potential pathway for engine fuel diversification and future engine concept.

关键词: active fuel design     HCCI     gasoline     n-heptane     engine     combustion    

Recent transmission of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in China: the implication of molecular epidemiology

null

《医学前沿(英文)》 2018年 第12卷 第1期   页码 76-83 doi: 10.1007/s11684-017-0609-5

摘要:

Tuberculosis (TB) has remained an ongoing concern in China. The national scale-up of the Directly Observed Treatment, Short Course (DOTS) program has accelerated the fight against TB in China. Nevertheless, many challenges still remain, including the spread of drug-resistant strains, high disease burden in rural areas, and enormous rural-to-urban migrations. Whether incident active TB represents recent transmission or endogenous reactivation has helped to prioritize the strategies for TB control. Evidence from molecular epidemiology studies has delineated the recent transmission of ( ) strains in many settings. However, the transmission patterns of TB in most areas of China are still not clear. Studies carried out to date could not capture the real burden of recent transmission of the disease in China because of the retrospective study design, incomplete sampling, and use of low-resolution genotyping methods. We reviewed the implementations of molecular epidemiology of TB in China, the estimated disease burden due to recent transmission of strains, the primary transmission of drug-resistant TB, and the evaluation of a feasible genotyping method of strains in circulation.

关键词: tuberculosis     recent transmission     molecular epidemiology     China    

Antibiotic resistome mostly relates to bacterial taxonomy along a suburban transmission chain

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2022年 第16卷 第3期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-021-1466-7

摘要:

• The α-diversities of resistome were lower in manure and compost than in soils.

关键词: Antibiotic resistance genes     Resistome     Bacterial taxonomy     Transmission chain    

农民获得农业装备维修权

Mitch Leslie

《工程(英文)》 2023年 第27卷 第8期   页码 8-10 doi: 10.1016/j.eng.2023.06.002

Planet position errors in planetary transmission: Effect on load sharing and transmission error

Miguel IGLESIAS, Alfonso FERNáNDEZ, Ana DE-JUAN, Ramón SANCIBRIáN, Pablo GARCíA

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2013年 第8卷 第1期   页码 80-87 doi: 10.1007/s11465-013-0362-7

摘要:

In this paper an advanced model of spur gear transmissions developed by the authors is used to study the influence of carrier planet pin hole position errors on the behaviour of the transmission. The model, initially conceived for external gear modeling, has been extended with internal meshing features, and thus increasing its capabilities to include planetary transmission modeling. The new features are presented, along with the summary of the model general approach. The parameters and characteristics of the planetary transmission used in the paper are introduced. The influence of carrier planet pin hole position errors on the planet load sharing is studied, and several static cases are given as examples in order to show the ability of the model. Tangential and radial planet pin hole position errors are considered independently, and the effect of the load level is also taken into account. It is also given attention to the effect on the transmission error of the transmission. Two different configurations for the planetary transmission are used, attending to the fixed or floating condition of the sun, and the differences in terms of load sharing ratio are shown.

关键词: gear     planetary     epicyclic     transmission     load sharing     transmission error    

标题 作者 时间 类型 操作

Optimal portfolio design of energy storage devices with financial and physical right market

期刊论文

Do right PLS and do PLS right: A critical review of the application of PLS-SEM in construction management

Ningshuang ZENG, Yan LIU, Pan GONG, Marcel HERTOGH, Markus KÖNIG

期刊论文

网络主权保障问题研究

邹鹏,何骏,邹红霞,刘韵洁

期刊论文

Erratum to: Industrial water treatment and industrial marine outfalls: Achieving the right balance

Adrian W. K. Law, Chunyan Tang

期刊论文

深圳城市供水系统产权结构重组模式及评价

肖文,欧阳芳锐,王先甲

期刊论文

Sudden death due to arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy: Two case reports

CHEN Xinshan, ZHANG Yigu, RAO Guangxun, HUANG Guangzhao

期刊论文

Choosing configurations of transmission line tower grounding by back flashover probability value

Dmitry KUKLIN

期刊论文

Right coronary occlusion following transcatheter aortic valve implantation: two case reports

null

期刊论文

Industrial water treatment and industrial marine outfalls: Achieving the right balance

Adrian W. K. Law,Chunyan Tang

期刊论文

Pyogenic liver abscess as initial presentation in locally advanced right colon cancer invading the liver

Kai Qu, Chang Liu, Aasef M A Mansoor, Bo Wang, Jincai Chen, Liang Yu, Yi Lv

期刊论文

Active fuel design—A way to manage the right fuel for HCCI engines

Zhen HUANG,Zhongzhao LI,Jianyong ZHANG,Xingcai LU,Junhua FANG,Dong HAN

期刊论文

Recent transmission of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in China: the implication of molecular epidemiology

null

期刊论文

Antibiotic resistome mostly relates to bacterial taxonomy along a suburban transmission chain

期刊论文

农民获得农业装备维修权

Mitch Leslie

期刊论文

Planet position errors in planetary transmission: Effect on load sharing and transmission error

Miguel IGLESIAS, Alfonso FERNáNDEZ, Ana DE-JUAN, Ramón SANCIBRIáN, Pablo GARCíA

期刊论文