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Deep eutectic solvent inclusions for high- composite dielectric elastomers

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2022年 第16卷 第6期   页码 996-1002 doi: 10.1007/s11705-022-2138-2

摘要: Recent advances in novel electroactive devices have placed new requirements on material development. High-performance dielectric elastomers with good mechanical stretchability and high dielectric constant are under high demand. However, the current strategy for fabricating these materials suffers from high cost or low thermal stability, which greatly hinders large-scale industrial production. Herein, we have successfully developed a novel strategy for improving the dielectric constant of polymeric elastomers via deep eutectic solvent inclusion by taking advantage of the low cost, convenient and environmentally benign synthesis process and high ionic conductivity from deep eutectic solvents. The as-prepared composite elastomers showed good stretchability and a greatly enhanced dielectric constant with a negligible increase in dielectric dissipation. Moreover, we have proven the universality of our strategy by using different types of deep eutectic solvents. It is believed that low-cost, easy-synthesis and environmentally friendly deep eutectic solvents including composite elastomers are highly suitable for large-scale industrial production and can greatly broaden the application fields of dielectric elastomers.

关键词: composite materials     deep eutectic solvent     dielectric elastomer     high dielectric constant    

Research progress on low dielectric constant modification of cellulose insulating paper for power transformers

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2023年 第17卷 第8期   页码 991-1009 doi: 10.1007/s11705-022-2259-7

摘要: Because of the increase in the transmission voltage levels, the demand for insulation reliability of power transformers has increasingly become critical. Cellulose insulating paper is the main insulating component of power transformers. To improve the insulation level of ultrahigh voltage transformers and reduce their weight and size, reducing the dielectric constant of oil-immersed cellulose insulating paper is highly desired. Cellulose is used to produce power-transformer insulating papers owing to its excellent electrical properties, renewability, biodegradability and abundance. The dielectric constant of a cellulose insulating paper can be effectively reduced by chemical or physical modification. This study presents an overview of the foreign and domestic research status of the use of modification technology to reduce the dielectric constant of cellulose insulating papers. All the mentioned methods are analyzed in this study. Finally, some recommendations for future modified cellulose insulating paper research and applications are proposed. This paper can provide a reference for further research on low dielectric constant cellulose insulating paper in the future.

关键词: low dielectric constant     chemical and physical modification     cellulose insulating paper     transformer     nanomaterials.    

Dielectric property of polyimide/barium titanate composites and its influence factors (II)

LIU Weidong, ZHU Baoku, XIE Shuhui, XU Zhikang

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2008年 第2卷 第4期   页码 417-421 doi: 10.1007/s11705-008-0078-0

摘要: Using poly(amic acid) (PAA) as a precursor followed by thermal imidization, the polyimide/barium titanate composite films were successfully prepared by a direct mixing method and in situ process. The influence of processing factors, such as particle size, distribution mode and polymerization method on dielectric properties was studied. Results revealed that the dielectric constant (?) of the composite film increased by using bigger fillers or employing in situ polymerization and bimodal distribution. When the composite film containing 50 Vol-% of BaTiO with size in 100 nm was prepared via in situ process, its dielectric constant reached 45 at 10 kHz.

关键词: thermal imidization     dielectric constant     particle     precursor     titanate composite    

Modeling and simulation of droplet translocation and fission by electrowetting-on-dielectrics (EWOD)

Nathan HOWELL, Weihua LI

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2010年 第5卷 第4期   页码 376-388 doi: 10.1007/s11465-010-0104-z

摘要: This paper discusses methods of microfluidic droplet actuation by means of electrowetting-on-dielectrics (EWOD) and provides a technique for modeling and simulating a microfluidic device by using the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) program, Flow3D. Digital or droplet microfluidics implies the manipulation of droplets on a scale of nanoliters (10 L) to femtoliters (10 L), as opposed to continuous microfluidics that involve the control of continuous fluid within a channel. The two operations in focus here are droplet translocation (moving) and droplet fission (splitting), in which the pressures and velocities within the droplet are analyzed and compared to existing works, both theoretical and experimental. The variation in the pressure of the leading and trailing faces of a droplet indicates the variation in surface energy—an important parameter that explains how a droplet will move toward a region of higher electric potential. The higher voltage on one side of a droplet reduces surface energy, which leads to an induced pressure drop, thus resulting in fluid motion. Flow3D simulations are for both water and blood droplets at voltages between 50 V and 200 V, and the droplet size, surface properties (Teflon coated), and geometry of the system are kept constant for each operation. Some peculiarities of the simulation are brought to light, such as instabilities of the system to higher voltages and fluids with higher dielectric constants, as well as the creation of a tertiary droplet when the applied voltage causes a large enough force during fission. The force distribution across the droplet provides a general understanding of the electrowetting effect and more specifically allows for a comparison between the effects that different voltages have on the forces at the droplet surface. The droplet position and mean kinetic energy of the droplet are also investigated and compared to other works, proving the dynamics of a droplet motion found here.

关键词: electrowetting-on-dielectrics (EWOD)     electrowetting     microfluidics     droplet translocation     droplet fission     Flow3D     dielectric constant    

Review of recent advances of polymer based dielectrics for high-energy storage in electronic power devices

Wenjie Sun, Jiale Mao, Shuang Wang, Lei Zhang, Yonghong Cheng

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2021年 第15卷 第1期   页码 18-34 doi: 10.1007/s11705-020-1939-4

摘要: Polymer-based dielectric capacitors are widely-used energy storage devices. However, although the functions of dielectrics in applications like high-voltage direct current transmission projects, distributed energy systems, high-power pulse systems and new energy electric vehicles are similar, their requirements can be quite different. Low electric loss is a critical prerequisite for capacitors for electric grids, while high-temperature stability is an essential pre-requirement for those in electric vehicles. This paper reviews recent advances in this area, and categorizes dielectrics in terms of their foremost properties related to their target applications. Requirements for polymer-based dielectrics in various power electronic equipment are emphasized, including high energy storage density, low dissipation, high working temperature and fast-response time. This paper considers innovations including chemical structure modification, composite fabrication and structure re-design, and the enhancements to material performances achieved. The advantages and limitations of these methods are also discussed.

关键词: dielectric capacitors     polymer-based dielectrics     energy density     dielectric loss     working temperature     frequency response    

Convective heat transfer in helical coils for constant-property and variable-property flows with high

Yufei MAO, Liejin GUO, Bofeng BAI, Ximin ZHANG

《能源前沿(英文)》 2010年 第4卷 第4期   页码 546-552 doi: 10.1007/s11708-010-0116-8

摘要: Forced convection heat transfer of single-phase water in helical coils was experimentally studied. The testing section was constructed from a stainless steel round tube with an inner diameter of 10 mm, coil diameter of 300 mm, and pitch of 50 mm. The experiments were conducted over a wide Reynolds number range of 40000 to 500000. Both constant-property flows at normal pressure and variable-property flows at supercritical pressure were investigated. The contribution of secondary flow in the helical coil to heat transfer was gradually suppressed with increasing Reynolds number. Hence, heat transfer coefficients of the helical tube were close to those of the straight tube under the same flow conditions when the Reynolds number is large enough. Based on the experimental data, heat transfer correlations for both incompressible flows and supercritical fluid flows through helical coils were proposed.

关键词: convective heat transfer     helical coils     high Reynolds number     supercritical pressure     variable property    

Multivalent manganese oxides with high electrocatalytic activity for oxygen reduction reaction

Xiangfeng Peng, Zhenhai Wang, Zhao Wang, Yunxiang Pan

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2018年 第12卷 第4期   页码 790-797 doi: 10.1007/s11705-018-1706-y

摘要: A noble-metal-free catalyst based on both Mn O and MnO was prepared by using the dielectric barrier discharge technique at moderate temperature. The prepared catalyst shows a higher electrocatalytic activity towards the oxygen reduction reaction than the catalyst prepared by using the traditional calcination process. The enhanced activity could be due to the coexistence of manganese ions with different valences, the higher oxygen adsorption capacity, and the suppressed aggregation of the catalyst nanoparticles at moderate temperature. The present work would open a new way to prepare low-cost and noble-metal-free catalysts at moderate temperature for more efficient electrocatalysis.

关键词: oxygen reduction reaction     manganese oxides     mixed valences of manganese     oxygen adsorption     dielectric barrier discharge    

Displacement-based seismic design of high-strength concrete frame columns

ZHANG Guojun, LIU Jianxin, LU Xilin

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2008年 第2卷 第1期   页码 93-101 doi: 10.1007/s11709-008-0006-x

摘要: Based on the testing results of 108 high-strength concrete columns under constant axial loading and horizontal cyclic loading, the relations between the drift ratio at yield, the maximum displacement drift, the limiting displacement drift, the ductility ratio of testing columns and shear span-to-depth ratio, axial compression ratio, confining reinforcement characteristic values, the ratio of cover area to confined core area as well as longitudinal reinforcement ratio are discussed in this paper. Then the relations between limiting displacement drifts and axial compression ratio, confining reinforcement characteristic values and the ratio of cover area to confined core area are analytically regressed. Subsequently the relations between confining reinforcement characteristic values and axial compression ratio, the limiting displacement drift, and the practical formula used to calculate confining reinforcement characteristic values are put forward. In the end the minimum confining reinforcement characteristic values in the dense hoop regions of high-strength concrete columns are presented by comparatively analysis, and compared with ones in the design code (GB 50010-2002, P. R. China).

关键词: horizontal cyclic     longitudinal reinforcement     design     loading     constant    

Analysis and design of pulse frequency modulation dielectric barrier discharge for low power applications

Tang-tang GUO,Xing-liang LIU,Shi-qiang HAO,Chi ZHANG,Xiang-ning HE

《信息与电子工程前沿(英文)》 2015年 第16卷 第3期   页码 249-258 doi: 10.1631/FITEE.1400185

摘要: For low power dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) used in small-size material treatment or portable devices, highstep transformer parasitic capacitance greatly influences the performance of the resonant converter as it is of the same order of magnitude as the equivalent capacitance of DBD load. In this paper, steady-state analysis of the low power DBD is presented, considering the inevitable parasitic capacitance of the high-step transformer. The rectifier-compensated first harmonic approximation (RCFHA) is applied to linearize the equivalent load circuit of DBD at low frequency and the derived expressions are accurate and convenient for the analysis and design of the power supply. Based on the proposed linear equivalent load circuit, the influence of transformer parasitic capacitance on the key parameters, including the frequency range and the applied electrode voltage, is discussed when the power is regulated with pulse frequency modulation (PFM). Also, a design procedure is presented based on the derived expressions. A prototype is constructed according to the design results and the accuracy of the design is verified by experimental results.

关键词: Dielectric barrier discharge     Rectifier-compensated first harmonic approximation     Parasitic capacitance     Power converter design    

Ni/MgO catalyst prepared via dielectric-barrier discharge plasma with improved catalytic performance

Yan LI,Zhehao WEI,Yong WANG

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2014年 第8卷 第2期   页码 133-140 doi: 10.1007/s11705-014-1422-1

摘要: A Ni/MgO catalyst was prepared via novel dielectric-barrier discharge (DBD) plasma decomposition method. The combined characterization of Brunauer-Emmett-Teller measurement, X-ray diffraction, hydrogen temperature-programmed reduction and transmission electron microscopy shows that DBD plasma treatment enhances the support-metal interaction of Ni/MgO catalyst and facilitates the formation of smaller Ni particles. Sphere-like Ni particles form on plasma treated Ni/MgO catalysts. The plasma treated Ni/MgO catalyst shows a significantly improved low temperature activity and good stability for CO reforming of methane to syngas.

关键词: CO2 reforming     methane     dielectric-barrier discharge (DBD)     plasma     Ni/MgO    

A review on application of dielectric barrier discharge plasma technology on the abatement of volatile

Wenjing Lu, Yawar Abbas, Muhammad Farooq Mustafa, Chao Pan, Hongtao Wang

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2019年 第13卷 第2期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-019-1108-5

摘要:

• Applications of non-thermal plasma reactors for reduction of VOCs were reviewed.

• Dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) plasma was considered.

• Effect of process parameters was studied.

• Effect of catalysts and inhibitors were evaluated.

关键词: Non-thermal plasma (NTP)     Dielectric barrier discharge (DBD)     Volatile organic compounds (VOCs)     Abatement     Input power    

Hydrogen production from methanol through dielectric barrier discharge

Baowei WANG, Xu ZHANG, Haiying BAI, Yijun Lü, Shuanghui HU

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2011年 第5卷 第2期   页码 209-214 doi: 10.1007/s11705-010-1018-3

摘要: The hydrogen fuel cell is a promising option as a future energy resource and the production of hydrogen is mainly depended on fossil fuels now. In this paper, methanol reforming to produce H through dielectric-barrier discharge (DBD) plasma reaction was studied. Effects of the power supply parameters, reactor parameters and process conditions on conversion of methanol and distribution of products were investigated. The best reaction conditions were following: input power (45 W), material of inner electrode (stainless steel), discharge gap (3.40 mm), length of reaction zone (90.00 mm), dielectric thickness (1.25 mm), and methanol content (37.65%). The highest conversion of methanol and the yield of H were 82.38% and 27.43%, respectively.

关键词: methanol     dielectric-barrier discharge     hydrogen     plasma    

Degradation of metronidazole by dielectric barrier discharge in an aqueous solution

Zhipeng Yang, Anxing Lai, Hangyu Chen, Youxiang Yan, Ye Yang, Weiwei Zhang, Lei Wang

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2019年 第13卷 第3期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-019-1117-4

摘要:

The discharge characteristics during the degradation of MNZ by DBD were investigated.

Increasing the discharge frequency can promote the degradation of MNZ.

MNZ removal reaches 99.1% at the initial concentration of 40 ppm within 120 min.

Coexisting organic matter inhibits the degradation of MNZ.

The energy efficiency of DBD for MNZ removal is higher than other technologies.

关键词: Dielectric barrier discharge     Antibiotic     Metronidazole     Water treatment    

Analysis and characterization of wind-solar-constant torque spring hybridized model

Shantanu ACHARYA,Subhadeep BHATTACHARJEE

《能源前沿(英文)》 2014年 第8卷 第3期   页码 279-289 doi: 10.1007/s11708-014-0312-z

摘要: Solar and wind are the most promising renewable energy resources. But their unpredictable and varying nature prevents them from being used as the sole resource for power generation. This paper presents a model of wind and solar thermal hybrid power plant with a spring storage system which is expected to play an efficient role in combating with the drawbacks related to renewable power generation. In the proposed scheme, wind energy is harnessed by a hybrid vertical axis wind turbine, solar energy is utilized by a Stirling engine, and the surplus energy is stored in a winding spring. The paper discusses the working methodologies and analyses the performance of such 2.6 kW hybrid power plant model. It has been observed that the plant is capable of consistently generating 50% of its rated capacity irrespective of limitations in solar and wind resources.

关键词: hybrid vertical axis wind turbine     Stirling engine     solar-thermal energy     wind energy     constant torque spring    

Conversion of methane through dielectric-barrier discharge plasma

WANG Baowei, CAO Xiaolei, YANG Kuanhui, XU Genhui

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2008年 第2卷 第4期   页码 373-378 doi: 10.1007/s11705-008-0070-8

摘要: Methane coupling to produce C hydrocarbons through a dielectric-barrier discharge (DBD) plasma reaction was studied in four DBD reactors. The effects of high voltage electrode position, different discharge gap, types of inner electrode, volume ratio of hydrogen to methane and air cooling method on the conversion of methane and distribution of products were investigated. Conversion of methane is obviously lower when a high voltage electrode acts as an outer electrode than when it acts as an inner electrode. The lifting of reaction temperature becomes slow due to cooling of outer electrode and the temperature can be controlled in the expected range of 60°C–150°C for ensuring better methane conversion and safe operation. The parameters of reactors have obvious effects on methane conversion, but it only slightly affects distribution of the products. The main products are ethylene, ethane and propane. The selectivity of C hydrocarbons can reach 74.50% when volume ratio of hydrogen to methane is 1.50.

标题 作者 时间 类型 操作

Deep eutectic solvent inclusions for high- composite dielectric elastomers

期刊论文

Research progress on low dielectric constant modification of cellulose insulating paper for power transformers

期刊论文

Dielectric property of polyimide/barium titanate composites and its influence factors (II)

LIU Weidong, ZHU Baoku, XIE Shuhui, XU Zhikang

期刊论文

Modeling and simulation of droplet translocation and fission by electrowetting-on-dielectrics (EWOD)

Nathan HOWELL, Weihua LI

期刊论文

Review of recent advances of polymer based dielectrics for high-energy storage in electronic power devices

Wenjie Sun, Jiale Mao, Shuang Wang, Lei Zhang, Yonghong Cheng

期刊论文

Convective heat transfer in helical coils for constant-property and variable-property flows with high

Yufei MAO, Liejin GUO, Bofeng BAI, Ximin ZHANG

期刊论文

Multivalent manganese oxides with high electrocatalytic activity for oxygen reduction reaction

Xiangfeng Peng, Zhenhai Wang, Zhao Wang, Yunxiang Pan

期刊论文

Displacement-based seismic design of high-strength concrete frame columns

ZHANG Guojun, LIU Jianxin, LU Xilin

期刊论文

Analysis and design of pulse frequency modulation dielectric barrier discharge for low power applications

Tang-tang GUO,Xing-liang LIU,Shi-qiang HAO,Chi ZHANG,Xiang-ning HE

期刊论文

Ni/MgO catalyst prepared via dielectric-barrier discharge plasma with improved catalytic performance

Yan LI,Zhehao WEI,Yong WANG

期刊论文

A review on application of dielectric barrier discharge plasma technology on the abatement of volatile

Wenjing Lu, Yawar Abbas, Muhammad Farooq Mustafa, Chao Pan, Hongtao Wang

期刊论文

Hydrogen production from methanol through dielectric barrier discharge

Baowei WANG, Xu ZHANG, Haiying BAI, Yijun Lü, Shuanghui HU

期刊论文

Degradation of metronidazole by dielectric barrier discharge in an aqueous solution

Zhipeng Yang, Anxing Lai, Hangyu Chen, Youxiang Yan, Ye Yang, Weiwei Zhang, Lei Wang

期刊论文

Analysis and characterization of wind-solar-constant torque spring hybridized model

Shantanu ACHARYA,Subhadeep BHATTACHARJEE

期刊论文

Conversion of methane through dielectric-barrier discharge plasma

WANG Baowei, CAO Xiaolei, YANG Kuanhui, XU Genhui

期刊论文