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Performance of ionic polymer-metal composite (IPMC) with different surface roughening methods

Ning JIN, Bangfeng WANG, Kan BIAN, Qi CHEN, Ke XIONG,

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2009年 第4卷 第4期   页码 430-435 doi: 10.1007/s11465-009-0053-6

摘要: Based on permeation and double chemical reduction technology, this paper researches the manufacture of Pt-ionic polymer metal composites (IPMC) and the effect of three types of surface roughening methods on the manufacture and performance of IPMC. The roughening methods include manual polishing, sanding machine polishing, and plasma surface treatment. The appearance and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) features, electro-active deformation and surface resistance characteristics of these IPMC specimens were obtained and compared through specimen tests. The results of the tests indicate that surface roughening technology obviously influences the performance of IPMC. The uniformity and compactness of the metal deposited on the surface and inside the Nafion film are improved by improving surface roughening uniformity. However, the electro-active deformation capability and surface resistance of the specimens decrease at the same time. There is an approximate linear increase relationship between the driving voltage and the bending deformation of the IPMC specimen within a certain voltage range. Under the same specimen dimension, constraints, and driving voltage (3V), the maximum electro-active bending deformation angles of the specimens are about 60°, 45°, and 15° for manual polishing, sanding machine roughening, and plasma treatment, respectively.

关键词: ionic polymer metal composites (IPMC)     surface roughening     scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analyze     actuator     electroless plating    

IPMC gripper static analysis based on finite element analysis

Hanmin PENG, Yao HUI, Qingjun DING, Huafeng LI, Chunsheng ZHAO,

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2010年 第5卷 第2期   页码 204-211 doi: 10.1007/s11465-010-0005-1

摘要: Recently, a type of flexible grippers with low power supply (0–5 V) has been designed and developed for grasping small but precision parts. In previous work, the authors manufactured a soft gripper whose actuating components are made of ionic polymer-metal composite (IPMC) materials; however, there is not a comprehensive model to analyze the complete mechanics for this IPMC gripper. Therefore, this paper provides a finite element method for analyzing its static mechanics characteristics in the state with maximal stress and strain (i.e., the gripper opening largest, including the IPMC deformation, stress, and strain). Further, these electromechanical coupling relationships can be simulated by using the piezoelectric analysis module based on ANSYS software. The simulation results show that the maximal tip displacement of IPMC strips can nearly reach their own free length, the maximal stress is 54 MPa in the center of copper electrodes, and the maximal strain is 0.0286 on the IPMC strip. The results provide detailed numerical solutions and appropriate finite element analysis methodologies beneficial for further research on the optimization design, forecast analysis, and control field.

关键词: ionic polymer-metal composite (IPMC)     artificial muscles     actuator     flexible gripper     finite element analysis     electromechanical coupling    

Fabrication of ionic polymer-metal composites (IPMCs) and robot design

Hanmin PENG, Qingjun Ding, Huafeng LI

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2009年 第4卷 第3期   页码 332-338 doi: 10.1007/s11465-009-0046-5

摘要: This paper describes a method for preliminary manufacturing experiments on a type of smart materials—ionic polymer-metal composites (IPMCs). They belong to EAP materials and are famous for their capability of huge displacement within a low voltage (1–3 V). With best operation quality in the humid environment, they can be made as underwater robots in simple structures. In this paper, two purposes are embodied. One focuses on the research on the IPMCs characteristics, including the actuating principle, manufacturing process, and parameters of performance. The other is that a relevant robot driven by IPMCs strips is designed. According to imitation propulsion mechanism of undulatory fins, IPMCs are designed for a novel bionic water vehicle propelled by undulatory multiple fish-like fins (made by IPMCs). The robot consists of three fins on the bottom tightly contacting by plastic foils with each other.

关键词: ionic polymer-metal composites (IPMCs)     artificial muscles     actuator     bionic robot     platinum-plated    

Preparation and performance of soft actuator based on IPMC with silver electrodes

Qi CHEN, Ke XIONG, Kan BIAN, Ning JIN, Bangfeng WANG,

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2009年 第4卷 第4期   页码 436-440 doi: 10.1007/s11465-009-0054-5

摘要: The surface electrodes of traditional ionic polymer-metal composites (IPMC) are made of platinum. To reduce the production cost, nonprecious metals such as silver is proposed. A new approach of electroless silver plating based on chemical deposition method is adopted, getting two types of IPMCs, Pt-Ag IPMC, and Ag-Ag IPMC. The microscopic analysis, driving abilities tests, and their surface-electrode resistance analysis show that Ag and Pt particles penetrate inside Nafion membrane with gradient distribution throughout the membrane. The maximum electro-active bending deformation angles of the specimens, which are obtained under the same specimen dimension and constrains, are about 60° for Pt-Pt IPMC and Pt-Ag IPMC and 90° for the Ag-Ag IPMC, respectively, corresponding to the driving voltage of 3 V, 4 V, and 1.5 V. The surface-electrode resistance of Ag-Ag IPMC is the lowest and the most stable, which shows that the proposed approach is valid. The experiments show that the IPMC technology based on the silver electrode is feasible.

关键词: ionic polymer-metal composites (IPMC)     Nafion     intelligent material     soft actuators     electroless silver plating    

Ion conduction path in composite solid electrolytes for lithium metal batteries: from polymer rich to

Zhouyu ZHANG, Hao CHEN, Zhenglin HU, Shoubin ZHOU, Lan ZHANG, Jiayan LUO

《能源前沿(英文)》 2022年 第16卷 第5期   页码 706-733 doi: 10.1007/s11708-022-0833-9

摘要: Solid-state electrolytes (SSEs) can address the safety issue of organic electrolyte in rechargeable lithium batteries. Unfortunately, neither polymer nor ceramic SSEs used alone can meet the demand although great progress has been made in the past few years. Composite solid electrolytes (CSEs) composed of flexible polymers and brittle but more conducting ceramics can take advantage of the individual system for solid-state lithium metal batteries (SSLMBs). CSEs can be largely divided into two categories by the mass fraction of the components: “polymer rich” (PR) and “ceramic rich” (CR) systems with different internal structures and electrochemical properties. This review provides a comprehensive and in-depth understanding of recent advances and limitations of both PR and CR electrolytes, with a special focus on the ion conduction path based on polymer-ceramic interaction mechanisms and structural designs of ceramic fillers/frameworks. In addition, it highlights the PR and CR which bring the leverage between the electrochemical property and the mechanical property. Moreover, it further prospects the possible route for future development of CSEs according to their rational design, which is expected to accelerate the practical application of SSLMBs.

关键词: composite solid electrolytes     active filler/framework     ion conduction path     interphase compatibility     multilayer design    

Tribological study on the surface modification of metal-on-polymer bioimplants

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2022年 第17卷 第2期 doi: 10.1007/s11465-022-0682-6

摘要: The tribological performance of artificial joints is regarded as the main factor of the lifespan of implanted prostheses. The relationship between surface roughness and coefficient of friction (COF) under dry and lubricated conditions is studied. Results show that under dry test, friction coefficient is not reduced all the time with a decrease in surface roughness. On the contrary, a threshold of roughness value is observed, and frictional force increases again below this value. This critical value lies between 40 and 100 nm in Sa (roughness). This phenomenon is due to the transfer of friction mechanisms from abrasion to adhesion. Under wet test, COF always decreases with reduction in surface roughness. This result is mainly attributed to the existence of a thin layer of lubricant film that prevents the intimate contact of two articulating surfaces, thus greatly alleviating adhesion friction. Furthermore, surface texturing technology is successful in improving the corresponding tribological performance by decreasing friction force and mitigating surface deterioration. The even-distribution mode of texturing patterns is most suitable for artificial joints. By obtaining the optimal surface roughness and applying texturing technology, the tribological performance of polymer-based bioimplants can be greatly enhanced.

关键词: artificial joints     surface roughness     friction     surface texturing    

Hierarchical porous metal-organic frameworks/polymer microparticles for enhanced catalytic degradation

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2022年 第16卷 第6期   页码 939-949 doi: 10.1007/s11705-022-2152-4

摘要: This work reports on a simple microfluidic strategy to controllably fabricate uniform polymeric microparticles containing hierarchical porous structures integrated with highly accessible catalytic metal organic frameworks for efficient degradation of organic contaminants. Monodisperse (W1/O)/W2 emulsion droplets generated from microfluidics are used as templates for the microparticle synthesis. The emulsion droplets contain tiny water microdroplets from homogenization and water nanodroplets from diffusion-induced swollen micelles as the dual pore-forming templates, and Fe-based metal-organic framework nanorods as the nanocatalysts. The obtained microparticles possess interconnected hierarchical porous structures decorated with highly accessible Fe-based metal-organic framework nanorods for enhanced degradation of organic contaminants via a heterogeneous Fenton-like reaction. Such a degradation performance is highlighted by using these microparticles for efficient degradation of rhodamine B in hydrogen peroxide solution. This work provides a simple and general strategy to flexibly combine hierarchical porous structures and catalytic metal-organic frameworks to engineer advanced microparticles for water decontamination.

关键词: metal-organic framework     polymer microparticle     nanocatalyst     decontamination     organic contaminant    

Experimental and statistical investigation of a new concrete-composite beam with encased polymer tube

Abdelmadjid SI SALEM,Souad AIT TALEB,Kamal AIT TAHAR

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2015年 第9卷 第2期   页码 154-162 doi: 10.1007/s11709-015-0296-8

摘要: A new concrete-composite beam with high mechanical performances to weight ratio is developed in this study. The proposed design technique consists to embed a cylindrical polymer tube wrapped by a GFRP Jacket in the mechanically ineffective concrete tensile zone. An experimental investigation is carried out on composite beams under bending loads until failure to evaluate the flexural capacity and the corresponding failure mechanisms. Based on the experimental results, statistical and preliminary reliability analyses using the FORM method are performed to assess the safety margin of the new beam. The confrontation between test and simulation results shows a satisfactory agreement, and represents a promising revelation regarding the improvement in terms of strength and ductility of such design compared to conventional reinforced concrete beams with traditional one.

关键词: design     GFRP-Jacket     polymer tube     test     reliability analysis    

Molecular level understanding of CO2 capture in ionic liquid/polyimide composite membrane

Linlin You, Yandong Guo, Yanjing He, Feng Huo, Shaojuan Zeng, Chunshan Li, Xiangping Zhang, Xiaochun Zhang

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2022年 第16卷 第2期   页码 141-151 doi: 10.1007/s11705-020-2009-7

摘要: Ionic liquid (IL)/polyimide (PI) composite membranes demonstrate promise for use in CO separation applications. However, few studies have focused on the microscopic mechanism of CO in these composite systems, which is important information for designing new membranes. In this work, a series of systems of CO in 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide composited with 4,4-(hexafluoroisopropylidene) diphthalic anhydride (6FDA)-based PI, 6FDA-2,3,5,6-tetramethyl-1,4-phenylene-diamine, at different IL concentrations were investigated by all-atom molecular dynamics simulation. The formation of IL regions in PI was found, and the IL regions gradually became continuous channels with increasing IL concentrations. The analysis of the radial distribution functions and hydrogen bond numbers demonstrated that PI had a stronger interaction with cations than anions. However, the hydrogen bonds among PI chains were destroyed by the addition of IL, which was favorable for transporting CO . Furthermore, the self-diffusion coefficient and free energy barrier suggested that the diffusion coefficient of CO decreased with increasing IL concentrations up to 35 wt-% due to the decrease of the fractional free volume of the composite membrane. However, the CO self-diffusion coefficients increased when the IL contents were higher than 35 wt-%, which was attributed to the formation of continuous IL domain that benefitted the transportation of CO .

关键词: carbon dioxide     ionic liquid     6FDA-TeMPD     composite membrane     molecular dynamics simulation    

Fabrication of magnetic multi-template molecularly imprinted polymer composite for the selective and

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2021年 第15卷 第5期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-021-1395-5

摘要:

• Magnetic multi-template molecularly imprinted polymer composite was synthesized.

关键词: Tetracyclines     Removal     Adsorption     Molecularly imprinted polymer     Magnetic graphene oxide    

form analysis and experimental study of mechanical properties on steel sheet glass fiber reinforced polymercomposite bar

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2021年 第15卷 第4期   页码 834-850 doi: 10.1007/s11709-021-0743-7

摘要: The concept of steel sheet glass fiber reinforced polymer (GFRP) composite bar (SSGCB) was put forward. An optimization plan was proposed in the combined form of SSGCB. The composite principle, material selection, and SSGCB preparation technology have been described in detail. Three-dimensional finite element analysis was adopted to perform the combination form optimization of different steel core structures and different steel core contents based on the mechanical properties. Mechanical tests such as uniaxial tensile, shear, and compressive tests were carried out on SSGCB. Parametric analysis was conducted to investigate the influence of steel content on the mechanical properties of SSGCB. The results revealed that the elastic modulus of SSGCB had improvements and increased with the rise of steel content. Shear strength was also increased with the addition of steel content. Furthermore, the yield state of SSGCB was similar to the steel bar, both of which indicated a multi-stage yield phenomenon. The compressive strength of SSGCB was lower than that of GFRP bars and increased with the increase of the steel core content. Stress-strain curves of SSGCB demonstrated that the nonlinear-stage characteristics of SSGCB-8 were much more obvious than other bars.

关键词: steel sheet GFRP composite bar     combination form     numerical modeling     mechanical properties test     strength    

Polymer-nanoinorganic particles composite membranes: a brief overview

Zhen-liang XU, Li-yun YU, Ling-feng HAN

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2009年 第3卷 第3期   页码 318-329 doi: 10.1007/s11705-009-0199-0

摘要: Polymer-nanoinorganic particles composite membranes present an interesting approach for improving the physical and chemical, as well as separation properties of polymer membranes, because they possess characteristics of both organic and inorganic membranes such as good permeability, selectivity, mechanical strength, thermal stability and so on. The preparations and structures of polymer-nanoinorganic particles composite membranes and their unique properties are reviewed.

关键词: polymer     nanoinorganic particles     composite membranes    

Water film coated composite liquid metal marble and its fluidic impact dynamics phenomenon

Yujie DING,Jing LIU

《能源前沿(英文)》 2016年 第10卷 第1期   页码 29-36 doi: 10.1007/s11708-015-0388-0

摘要: A composite liquid metal marble made of metal droplet coated with water film was proposed and its impact dynamics phenomenon was disclosed. After encapsulating the liquid metal into water droplets, the fabricated liquid marble successfully avoided being oxygenized by the metal fluid and thus significantly improved its many physical capabilities such as surface tension modification and shape control. The striking behaviors of the composite liquid metal marbles on a substrate at room temperature were experimentally investigated in a high speed imaging way. It was disclosed that such marbles could disintegrate, merge, and even rebound when impacting the substrate, unlike the existing dynamic fluidic behaviors of liquid marble or metal droplet. The mechanisms lying behind these features were preliminarily interpreted. This fundamental finding raised profound multiphase fluid mechanics for understanding the complex liquid composite which was also critical for a variety of practical applications such as liquid metal jet cooling, inkjet printed electronics, 3D printing or metal particle fabrication etc.

关键词: liquid metal marble     metallic droplet     composite fluid     impact dynamics     multiphase fluid mechanics    

Three-dimensional composite Li metal anode by simple mechanical modification for high-energy batteries

《能源前沿(英文)》 2023年 第17卷 第5期   页码 569-584 doi: 10.1007/s11708-023-0875-7

摘要: Lithium (Li) metal is believed to be the “Holy Grail” among all anode materials for next-generation Li-based batteries due to its high theoretical specific capacity (3860 mAh/g) and lowest redox potential (−3.04 V). Disappointingly, uncontrolled dendrite formation and “hostless” deposition impede its further development. It is well accepted that the construction of three-dimensional (3D) composite Li metal anode could tackle the above problems to some extent by reducing local current density and maintaining electrode volume during cycling. However, most strategies to build 3D composite Li metal anode require either electrodeposition or melt-infusion process. In spite of their effectiveness, these procedures bring multiple complex processing steps, high temperature, and harsh experimental conditions which cannot meet the actual production demand in consideration of cost and safety. Under this condition, a novel method to construct 3D composite anode via simple mechanical modification has been recently proposed which does not involve harsh conditions, fussy procedures, or fancy equipment. In this mini review, a systematic and in-depth investigation of this mechanical deformation technique to build 3D composite Li metal anode is provided. First, by summarizing a number of recent studies, different mechanical modification approaches are classified clearly according to their specific procedures. Then, the effect of each individual mechanical modification approach and its working mechanisms is reviewed. Afterwards, the merits and limits of different approaches are compared. Finally, a general summary and perspective on construction strategies for next-generation 3D composite Li anode are presented.

关键词: lithium (Li)-ion battery (LIB)     Li metal battery     three-dimensional (3D) composite Li metal anode     mechanical modification     reducing local current density    

Nexus between polymer support and metal oxide nanoparticles in hybrid nanosorbent materials (HNMs) for

Ryan C. SMITH,Jinze LI,Surapol PADUNGTHON,Arup K. SENGUPTA

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2015年 第9卷 第5期   页码 929-938 doi: 10.1007/s11783-015-0795-9

摘要: Metal oxide nanoparticles like hydrated ferric oxide (HFO) or hydrated zirconium oxide (HZrO) are excellent sorbents for environmentally significant ligands like phosphate, arsenic, or fluoride, present at trace concentrations. Since the sorption capacity is surface dependent for HFO and HZrO, nanoscale sizes offer significant enhancement in performance. However, due to their miniscule sizes, low attrition resistance, and poor durability they are unable to be used in typical plug-flow column setups. Meanwhile ion exchange resins, which have no specific affinity toward anionic ligands, are durable and chemically stable. By impregnating metal oxide nanoparticles inside a polymer support, with or without functional groups, a hybrid nanosorbent material (HNM) can be prepared. A HNM is durable, mechanically strong, and chemically stable. The functional groups of the polymeric support will affect the overall removal efficiency of the ligands exerted by the Donnan Membrane Effect. For example, the removal of arsenic by HFO or the removal of fluoride by HZrO is enhanced by using anion exchange resins. The HNM can be precisely tuned to remove one type of contaminant over another type. Also, the physical morphology of the support material, spherical bead versus ion exchange fiber, has a significant effect on kinetics of sorption and desorption. HNMs also possess dual sorption sites and are capable of removing multiple contaminants, namely, arsenate and perchlorate, concurrently.

关键词: ion exchange     sorption     arsenic     perchlorate     fluoride    

标题 作者 时间 类型 操作

Performance of ionic polymer-metal composite (IPMC) with different surface roughening methods

Ning JIN, Bangfeng WANG, Kan BIAN, Qi CHEN, Ke XIONG,

期刊论文

IPMC gripper static analysis based on finite element analysis

Hanmin PENG, Yao HUI, Qingjun DING, Huafeng LI, Chunsheng ZHAO,

期刊论文

Fabrication of ionic polymer-metal composites (IPMCs) and robot design

Hanmin PENG, Qingjun Ding, Huafeng LI

期刊论文

Preparation and performance of soft actuator based on IPMC with silver electrodes

Qi CHEN, Ke XIONG, Kan BIAN, Ning JIN, Bangfeng WANG,

期刊论文

Ion conduction path in composite solid electrolytes for lithium metal batteries: from polymer rich to

Zhouyu ZHANG, Hao CHEN, Zhenglin HU, Shoubin ZHOU, Lan ZHANG, Jiayan LUO

期刊论文

Tribological study on the surface modification of metal-on-polymer bioimplants

期刊论文

Hierarchical porous metal-organic frameworks/polymer microparticles for enhanced catalytic degradation

期刊论文

Experimental and statistical investigation of a new concrete-composite beam with encased polymer tube

Abdelmadjid SI SALEM,Souad AIT TALEB,Kamal AIT TAHAR

期刊论文

Molecular level understanding of CO2 capture in ionic liquid/polyimide composite membrane

Linlin You, Yandong Guo, Yanjing He, Feng Huo, Shaojuan Zeng, Chunshan Li, Xiangping Zhang, Xiaochun Zhang

期刊论文

Fabrication of magnetic multi-template molecularly imprinted polymer composite for the selective and

期刊论文

form analysis and experimental study of mechanical properties on steel sheet glass fiber reinforced polymercomposite bar

期刊论文

Polymer-nanoinorganic particles composite membranes: a brief overview

Zhen-liang XU, Li-yun YU, Ling-feng HAN

期刊论文

Water film coated composite liquid metal marble and its fluidic impact dynamics phenomenon

Yujie DING,Jing LIU

期刊论文

Three-dimensional composite Li metal anode by simple mechanical modification for high-energy batteries

期刊论文

Nexus between polymer support and metal oxide nanoparticles in hybrid nanosorbent materials (HNMs) for

Ryan C. SMITH,Jinze LI,Surapol PADUNGTHON,Arup K. SENGUPTA

期刊论文