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Multiresolution and multimaterial topology optimization of fail-safe structures under B-spline spaces

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2023年 第18卷 第4期 doi: 10.1007/s11465-023-0768-9

摘要: This study proposes a B-spline-based multiresolution and multimaterial topology optimization (TO) design method for fail-safe structures (FSSs), aiming to achieve efficient and lightweight structural design while ensuring safety and facilitating the postprocessing of topological structures. The approach involves constructing a multimaterial interpolation model based on an ordered solid isotropic material with penalization (ordered-SIMP) that incorporates fail-safe considerations. To reduce the computational burden of finite element analysis, we adopt a much coarser analysis mesh and finer density mesh to discretize the design domain, in which the density field is described by the B-spline function. The B-spline can efficiently and accurately convert optimized FSSs into computer-aided design models. The 2D and 3D numerical examples demonstrate the significantly enhanced computational efficiency of the proposed method compared with the traditional SIMP approach, and the multimaterial TO provides a superior structural design scheme for FSSs. Furthermore, the postprocessing procedures are significantly streamlined.

关键词: multiresolution     multimaterial     topology optimization     fail-safe structure     B-spline    

Crack fault quantitative diagnosis based on finite element of B-spline wavelet on the interval

XIANG Jia-wei, CHEN Xue-feng, HE Zheng-jia, HE Yu-min

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2006年 第1卷 第2期   页码 177-182 doi: 10.1007/s11465-006-0001-7

摘要: The model-based forward and inverse problems in the diagnosis of structural crack faults were studied. The forward problem is to solve the natural frequencies through a cracked structural model and the inverse problem is to quantitatively determine the crack parameters using the experimental testing frequencies. Then, the one-dimensional crack element of B-spline wavelet on the interval (BSWI) was built to solve the forward problem. Contour plots of normalized crack location versus normalized crack size were plotted by using the first three natural frequencies as the inputs. The intersection of the three curves predicted the normalized crack location and size. The experimental study verified the validity of the wavelet-based crack element in solving crack singular problems to overcome the disadvantages of the traditional finite element method (FEM), such as low efficiency, insufficient accuracy, slow convergence to correct solutions, etc. At the same time, it had adequate identification precision. The new method can be applied to prognosis and quantitative diagnosis of incipient crack.

关键词: one-dimensional     B-spline     incipient     prognosis     identification precision    

基于形参均匀B样条盈亏修正的图像边缘检测

赵颜利,王湛,郭成昊,刘凤玉

《中国工程科学》 2007年 第9卷 第7期   页码 65-70

摘要:

利用形参均匀B样条平滑公式,建立了一种盈亏修正的图像边缘检测新方法。首先对图像的原型值点进行盈亏修正,进一步减少原始图像和平滑图像之间的残余误差;然后利用形参均匀B样条修匀公式对修正后的图像拟合光滑曲面;最后求拟合后的光滑曲面的一阶导数极值点或二阶导数的零交叉点作为边缘特征点

关键词: 形状参数均匀B样条     边缘检测     计算机视觉     盈亏修正    

基于双目立体匹配和B样条的三维人脸点云孔洞修补算法 Research Articles

黄源1,2,达飞鹏1,2

《信息与电子工程前沿(英文)》 2022年 第23卷 第3期   页码 398-408 doi: 10.1631/FITEE.2000508

摘要: 本文提出一种采用立体匹配技术结合B样条的孔洞修补方法。算法首先利用光栅投影过程中获取的相位信息定位点云中的孔洞区域,同时提取边界点集。再利用B样条曲线形状可由少数关键点大致描述这一特性,将控制点作为关键点放入孔洞区域进行曲面重建迭代计算。仿真使用光滑陶瓷杯和人脸模型进行,结果表明,该算法能够准确再现被测物体表面的细节和复杂形状。

关键词: 三维点云;孔洞修补;立体匹配;B样条    

Feature extraction from slice data for reverse engineering

ZHANG Yingjie, LU Shangning

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2007年 第2卷 第1期   页码 25-31 doi: 10.1007/s11465-007-0004-z

摘要: A new approach to feature extraction for slice data points is presented. The reconstruction of objects is performed as follows. First, all contours in each slice are extracted by contour tracing algorithms. Then the data points on the contours are analyzed, and the curve segments of the contours are divided into three categories: straight lines, conic curves and B-spline curves. The curve fitting methods are applied for each curve segment to remove the unwanted points with pre-determined tolerance. Finally, the features, which consist of the object and connection relations among them, are founded by matching the corresponding contours in adjacent slices, and 3D models are reconstructed based on the features. The proposed approach has been implemented in OpenGL, and the feasibility of the proposed method has been verified by several cases.

关键词: feasibility     corresponding     B-spline     pre-determined tolerance     extraction    

Implicit Heaviside filter with high continuity based on suitably graded THB splines

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2022年 第17卷 第1期   页码 14-14 doi: 10.1007/s11465-021-0670-2

摘要: The variable density topology optimization (TO) method has been applied to various engineering fields because it can effectively and efficiently generate the conceptual design for engineering structures. However, it suffers from the problem of low continuity resulting from the discreteness of both design variables and explicit Heaviside filter. In this paper, an implicit Heaviside filter with high continuity is introduced to generate black and white designs for TO where the design space is parameterized by suitably graded truncated hierarchical B-splines (THB). In this approach, the fixed analysis mesh of isogeometric analysis is decoupled from the design mesh, whose adaptivity is implemented by truncated hierarchical B-spline subjected to an admissible requirement. Through the intrinsic local support and high continuity of THB basis, an implicit adaptively adjusted Heaviside filter is obtained to remove the checkboard patterns and generate black and white designs. Threefold advantages are attained in the proposed filter: a) The connection between analysis mesh and adaptive design mesh is easily established compared with the traditional adaptive TO method using nodal density; b) the efficiency in updating design variables is remarkably improved than the traditional implicit sensitivity filter based on B-splines under successive global refinement; and c) the generated black and white designs are preliminarily compatible with current commercial computer aided design system. Several numerical examples are used to verify the effectiveness of the proposed implicit Heaviside filter in compliance and compliant mechanism as well as heat conduction TO problems.

关键词: topology optimization     truncated hierarchical B-spline     isogeometric analysis     black and white designs     Heaviside filter    

Implementation of an adaptive feed speed 3D NURBS interpolation algorithm

LIANG Hong-bin, WANG Yong-zhang, LI Xia

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2006年 第1卷 第4期   页码 403-408 doi: 10.1007/s11465-006-0047-6

摘要: NURBS (non-uniform rational B-spline) interpolation algorithms have been provided in modern CNC (computer numerical control) systems. However, most of them focus on a constant feed speed without considering the contour accuracy. In order to deal with this problem, an adaptive feed speed interpolation algorithm for 3D NURBS parametric curves with confined chord errors is proposed. When the instantaneous radius of the curvature is small enough, the proposed interpolation algorithm automatically reduces the feed speed to meet the specified chord error. In the other situation it uses the second-order Taylor s expansions approximation interpolation algorithm to obtain a constant feed speed so that the contour accuracy in the CNC system is guaranteed. Experimental results were provided to verify the feasibility and precision of the proposed interpolation algorithm.

关键词: NURBS parametric     rational B-spline     second-order     non-uniform rational     precision    

A novel energy loss model and optimization design of the coin chute flection curve

Qinghua LIANG, Jinqiu MO, Weizhong GUO

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2012年 第7卷 第1期   页码 38-46 doi: 10.1007/s11465-012-0311-x

摘要:

In this paper, we propose a novel design model based on the energy loss of the coin (ELM model) to optimize the flection curve, which is widely used in coin operated machines. Two different kinds of energy loss models are analyzed according to dynamic characteristics of the coin falling movement. The flection curve is constructed based on cubic quasi-uniform B-spline with the data points and end points derivatives as inputs, and the curve model is governed and affected by energy loss equations, allowing to minimize the total energy loss before the coin arrives at the detecting position, thus to reduce the energy loss and collisions between the coin and the flection, thus to improve the testing accuracy. A case study with a typical Chinese currency coin shows the effectiveness of the model using GA optimization toolbox.

关键词: flection curve     B-spline     energy loss model (ELM model)     optimization design    

Multi-objective optimization of a 3D vaneless diffuser based on fuzzy theory

GAO Chuang, GU Chuangang, WANG Tong, SHU Xinwei

《能源前沿(英文)》 2008年 第2卷 第1期   页码 66-70 doi: 10.1007/s11708-008-0006-5

摘要: An optimization model based on fuzzy theory was set up and the corresponding Interactive modified simplex (IMS) method was developed to solve it. Both static pressure recovery and total pressure loss were considered in the model. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) method was applied to solve the Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes equation (RANS) and to find flow field distribution to get the value of the object function. After receiving the new shroud curve, grid movement and redrawing technology were adopted to avoid grid-line crossing and negative cells. The shroud curve was fitted with B-spline. The optimized results concur with the results reported in references.

关键词: Computational     pressure recovery     B-spline     technology     corresponding Interactive    

High-order phase-field model with the local and second-order max-entropy approximants

Fatemeh AMIRI

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2019年 第13卷 第2期   页码 406-416 doi: 10.1007/s11709-018-0475-5

摘要: We approximate the fracture surface energy functional based on phase-field method with smooth local maximum entropy (LME) and second-order maximum entropy (SME) approximants. The higher-order continuity of the meshfree methods such as LME and SME approximants allows to directly solve the fourth-order phase-field equations without splitting the fourth-order differential equation into two second-order differential equations. We will first show that the crack surface functional can be captured more accurately in the fourth-order model with smooth approximants such as LME, SME and B-spline. Furthermore, smaller length scale parameter is needed for the fourth-order model to approximate the energy functional. We also study SME approximants and drive the formulations. The proposed meshfree fourth-order phase-field formulation show more stable results for SME compared to LME meshfree methods.

关键词: second-order maximum entropy     local maximum entropy     second- and fourth-order phase-field models     B-spline    

指数多项式均匀样条模型

赵颜利,平萍,刘凤玉

《中国工程科学》 2008年 第10卷 第7期   页码 147-152

摘要: 该类模型具有很多与B 样条模型相同的性质,并 且增加了一个可调节的形状参数。由该模型构造的曲线,通过改变形状参数的取值,可以调整曲线接近其控 制多边形的程度。

关键词: 指数多项式样条函数     B样条函数     形状参数    

Interpolation of a spline developable surface between a curve and two rulings

Alicia CANTÓN,Leonardo FERNÁNDEZ-JAMBRINA

《信息与电子工程前沿(英文)》 2015年 第16卷 第3期   页码 173-190 doi: 10.1631/FITEE.14a0210

摘要: In this paper we address the problem of interpolating a spline developable patch bounded by a given spline curve and the first and the last rulings of the developable surface. To complete the boundary of the patch, a second spline curve is to be given. Up to now this interpolation problem could be solved, but without the possibility of choosing both endpoints for the rulings. We circumvent such difficulty by resorting to degree elevation of the developable surface. This is useful for solving not only this problem, but also other problems dealing with triangular developable patches.

关键词: Developable surfaces     Spline surfaces     Blossoms    

Current hepatitis B treatment guidelines and future research directions

null

《医学前沿(英文)》 2014年 第8卷 第2期   页码 145-157 doi: 10.1007/s11684-014-0335-1

摘要:

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection causes a tremendous clinical burden across the world with more than half a million people dying annually from HBV related disease. Significant advances have been made in HBV treatment in the past decade and several guidelines have been published by professional societies and expert panels. Although these recommendations have been valuable to help optimize HBV treatment, there is discordance in treatment criteria and many patients infected with HBV may fall outside of these recommendations. This paper systematically reviews the natural history of the disease and compares and contrasts the recommendations for initiation of treatment from the various societies. There is also discussion of special groups that require particular consideration and some of the open research questions and future research directions within the field.

关键词: chronic hepatitis B     HBV treatment guidelines     APASL guidelines     EASL guidelines     AASLD guidelines    

Comparison of modeling methods for wind power prediction: a critical study

Rashmi P. SHETTY, A. SATHYABHAMA, P. Srinivasa PAI

《能源前沿(英文)》 2020年 第14卷 第2期   页码 347-358 doi: 10.1007/s11708-018-0553-3

摘要: Prediction of power generation of a wind turbine is crucial, which calls for accurate and reliable models. In this work, six different models have been developed based on wind power equation, concept of power curve, response surface methodology (RSM) and artificial neural network (ANN), and the results have been compared. To develop the models based on the concept of power curve, the manufacturer’s power curve, and to develop RSM as well as ANN models, the data collected from supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) of a 1.5 MW turbine have been used. In addition to wind speed, the air density, blade pitch angle, rotor speed and wind direction have been considered as input variables for RSM and ANN models. Proper selection of input variables and capability of ANN to map input-output relationships have resulted in an accurate model for wind power prediction in comparison to other methods.

关键词: power curve     method of least squares     cubic spline interpolation     response surface methodology     artificial neural network (ANN)    

Clinical characteristics and risk factors of COVID-19 patients with chronic hepatitis B: a multi-center

《医学前沿(英文)》 2022年 第16卷 第1期   页码 111-125 doi: 10.1007/s11684-021-0854-5

摘要: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has spread globally. Although mixed liver impairment has been reported in COVID-19 patients, the association of liver injury caused by specific subtype especially chronic hepatitis B (CHB) with COVID-19 has not been elucidated. In this multi-center, retrospective, and observational cohort study, 109 CHB and 327 non-CHB patients with COVID-19 were propensity score matched at an approximate ratio of 3:1 on the basis of age, sex, and comorbidities. Demographic characteristics, laboratory examinations, disease severity, and clinical outcomes were compared. Furthermore, univariable and multivariable logistic and Cox regression models were used to explore the risk factors for disease severity and mortality, respectively. A higher proportion of CHB patients (30 of 109 (27.52%)) developed into severe status than non-CHB patients (17 of 327 (5.20%)). In addition to previously reported liver impairment markers, such as alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, and total bilirubin, we identified several novel risk factors including elevated lactate dehydrogenase (≥245 U/L, hazard ratio (HR) = 8.639, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 2.528–29.523; P <0.001) and coagulation-related biomarker D-dimer (≥0.5 μg/mL, HR= 4.321, 95% CI= 1.443–12.939; P = 0.009) and decreased albumin (<35 g/L, HR= 0.131, 95% CI= 0.048–0.361; P <0.001) and albumin/globulin ratio (<1.5, HR= 0.123, 95% CI= 0.017–0.918; P = 0.041). In conclusion, COVID-19 patients with CHB were more likely to develop into severe illness and die. The risk factors that we identified may be helpful for early clinical surveillance of critical progression.

关键词: COVID-19     chronic hepatitis B     liver injury     coagulation dysfunction    

标题 作者 时间 类型 操作

Multiresolution and multimaterial topology optimization of fail-safe structures under B-spline spaces

期刊论文

Crack fault quantitative diagnosis based on finite element of B-spline wavelet on the interval

XIANG Jia-wei, CHEN Xue-feng, HE Zheng-jia, HE Yu-min

期刊论文

基于形参均匀B样条盈亏修正的图像边缘检测

赵颜利,王湛,郭成昊,刘凤玉

期刊论文

基于双目立体匹配和B样条的三维人脸点云孔洞修补算法

黄源1,2,达飞鹏1,2

期刊论文

Feature extraction from slice data for reverse engineering

ZHANG Yingjie, LU Shangning

期刊论文

Implicit Heaviside filter with high continuity based on suitably graded THB splines

期刊论文

Implementation of an adaptive feed speed 3D NURBS interpolation algorithm

LIANG Hong-bin, WANG Yong-zhang, LI Xia

期刊论文

A novel energy loss model and optimization design of the coin chute flection curve

Qinghua LIANG, Jinqiu MO, Weizhong GUO

期刊论文

Multi-objective optimization of a 3D vaneless diffuser based on fuzzy theory

GAO Chuang, GU Chuangang, WANG Tong, SHU Xinwei

期刊论文

High-order phase-field model with the local and second-order max-entropy approximants

Fatemeh AMIRI

期刊论文

指数多项式均匀样条模型

赵颜利,平萍,刘凤玉

期刊论文

Interpolation of a spline developable surface between a curve and two rulings

Alicia CANTÓN,Leonardo FERNÁNDEZ-JAMBRINA

期刊论文

Current hepatitis B treatment guidelines and future research directions

null

期刊论文

Comparison of modeling methods for wind power prediction: a critical study

Rashmi P. SHETTY, A. SATHYABHAMA, P. Srinivasa PAI

期刊论文

Clinical characteristics and risk factors of COVID-19 patients with chronic hepatitis B: a multi-center

期刊论文