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Block copolymers as efficient cathode interlayer materials for organic solar cells

Dingqin Hu, Jiehao Fu, Shanshan Chen, Jun Li, Qianguang Yang, Jie Gao, Hua Tang, Zhipeng Kan, Tainan Duan, Shirong Lu, Kuan Sun, Zeyun Xiao

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2021年 第15卷 第3期   页码 571-578 doi: 10.1007/s11705-020-2010-1

摘要: Emerging needs for the large-scale industrialization of organic solar cells require high performance cathode interlayers to facilitate the charge extraction from organic semiconductors. In addition to improving the efficiency, stability and processability issues are major challenges. Herein, we design block copolymers with well controlled chemical composition and molecular weight for cathode interlayer applications. The block copolymer coated cathodes display high optical transmittance and low work function. Conductivity studies reveal that the block copolymer thin film has abundant conductive channels and excellent longitudinal electron conductivity due to the interpenetrating networks formed by the polymer blocks. Applications of the cathode interlayers in organic solar cells provide higher power conversion efficiency and better stability compared to the most widely-applied ZnO counterparts. Furthermore, no post-treatment is needed which enables excellent processability of the block copolymer based cathode interlayer.

关键词: organic solar cell     block copolymer     cathode interlayer    

Highlights of mainstream solar cell efficiencies in 2022

《能源前沿(英文)》 2023年 第17卷 第1期   页码 9-15 doi: 10.1007/s11708-023-0871-y

摘要: Highlights of mainstream solar cell efficiencies in 2022

Highlights of mainstream solar cell efficiencies in 2021

《能源前沿(英文)》 2022年 第16卷 第1期   页码 1-8 doi: 10.1007/s11708-022-0816-x

Enhancement of open circuit voltage in organic solar cells by doping a fluorescent red dye

Qing LI, Junsheng YU, Yue ZANG, Nana WANG, Yadong JIANG

《能源前沿(英文)》 2012年 第6卷 第2期   页码 179-183 doi: 10.1007/s11708-012-0177-y

摘要: The open circuit voltage ( ) of small-molecule organic solar cells (OSCs) could be improved by doping suitable fluorescent dyes into the donor layers. In this paper, 4-(dicyanomethylene)-2-t-butyl-6-(1,1,7,7-tetramethyljulolidyl-9-enyl)-4H-pyran (DCJTB) was used as a dopant, and the performance of the OSCs with different DCJTB concentration in copper phthalocyanine (CuPc) was studied. The results showed that the of the OSC with 50% of DCJTB in CuPc increased by 15%, compared with that of the standard CuPc/fullerene (C ) device. The enhancement of the was attributed to the lower highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) level in the DCJTB than that in the CuPc. Also, the light absorption intensity is enhanced between 400 and 550 nm, where CuPc and C have low absorbance, leading to a broad absorption spectrum.

关键词: organic solar cells (OSCs)     open circuit voltage     fluorescent dye doping     4-(dicyanomethylene)-2-t-butyl-6-(1     1     7     7-tetramethyljulolidyl-9-enyl)-4H-pyran (DCJTB)    

SiO2 passivation layer grown by liquid phase deposition for silicon solar cell application

Yanlin CHEN,Sihua ZHONG,Miao TAN,Wenzhong SHEN

《能源前沿(英文)》 2017年 第11卷 第1期   页码 52-59 doi: 10.1007/s11708-016-0429-3

摘要: Surface passivation is one of the primary requirements for high efficient silicon solar cells. Though the current existed passivation techniques are effective, expensive equipments are required. In this paper, a comprehensive understanding of the SiO passivation layer grown by liquid phase deposition (LPD) was presented, which was cost-effective and very simple. It was found that the post-annealing process could significantly enhance the passivation effect of the LPD SiO film. Besides, it was revealed that both chemical passivation and field-effect passivation mechanisms played important roles in outstanding passivation effect of the LPD SiO film through analyzing the minority carrier lifetime and the surface recombination velocity of n-type and p-type silicon wafers. Although the deposition parameters had little influence on the passivation effect, they affected the deposition rate. Therefore, appropriate deposition parameters should be carefully chosen based on the compromise of the deposition rate and fabrication cost. By utilizing the LPD SiO film as surface passivation layer, a 19.5%-efficient silicon solar cell on a large-scale wafer (156 mm × 156 mm) was fabricated.

关键词: Si solar cell     passivation     SiO2     liquid phase deposition     carrier lifetime    

Sediment microbial fuel cell with floating biocathode for organic removal and energy recovery

Aijie WANG, Haoyi CHENG, Nanqi REN, Dan CUI, Na LIN, Weimin WU

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2012年 第6卷 第4期   页码 569-574 doi: 10.1007/s11783-011-0335-1

摘要: A sediment microbial fuel cell (SMFC) with three dimensional floating biocathode (FBC) was developed for the electricity generation and biodegradation of sediment organic matter in order to avoid negative effect of dissolved oxygen (DO) depletion in aqueous environments on cathode performance and search cost-effective cathode materials. The biocathode was made from graphite granules with microbial attachment to replace platinum (Pt)-coated carbon paper cathode in a laboratory-scale SMFC (3 L in volume) filled with river sediment (organic content 49±4 g·kg dry weight). After start-up of 10 days, the maximum power density of 1.00W·m (based on anode volume) was achieved. The biocathode was better than carbon paper cathode catalyzed by Pt. The attached biofilm on cathode enhanced power generation significantly. The FBC enhanced SMFC performance further in the presence aeration. The SMFC was continuously operated for an over 120-day period. Power generation peaked within 24 days, declined gradually and stabilized at a level of 1/6 peak power output. At the end, the sediment organic matter content near the anode was removed by 29% and the total electricity generated was equal to 0.251 g of chemical oxygen demand (COD) removed.

关键词: microbial fuel cell (MFC)     sediment     biocathode     electricity generation     organic removal    

Numerical and experimental research of the characteristics of concentration solar cells

Zilong WANG, Hua ZHANG, Binlin DOU, Weidong WU, Guanhua ZHANG

《能源前沿(英文)》 2021年 第15卷 第2期   页码 279-291 doi: 10.1007/s11708-019-0637-8

摘要: The development of automatic tracking solar concentrator photovoltaic systems is currently attracting growing interest. High concentration photovoltaic systems (HCPVs) combining triple-junction InGaP/lnGaAs/Ge solar cells with a concentrator provide high conversion efficiencies. The mathematical model for triple-junction solar cells, having a higher efficiency and superior temperature characteristics, was established based on the one-diode equivalent circuit cell model. A paraboloidal concentrator with a secondary optic system and a concentration ratio in the range of 100X–150X along with a sun tracking system was developed in this study. The GaInP/GalnAs/Ge triple-junction solar cell, produced by AZUR SPACE Solar Power, was also used in this study. The solar cells produced by Shanghai Solar Youth Energy (SY) and Shenzhen Yinshengsheng Technology Co. Ltd. (YXS) were used as comparison samples in a further comparative study at different concentration ratios (200X–1000X). A detailed analysis on the factors that influence the electrical output characteristics of the InGaP/lnGaAs/Ge solar cell was conducted with a dish-style concentrating photovoltaic system. The results show that the short-circuit current ( ) and the open-circuit voltage ( ) of multi-junction solar cells increases with the increasing concentration ratio, while the cell efficiency ( ) of the solar cells increases first and then decreases with increasing concentration ratio. With increasing solar cell temperature, increases, while and decrease. A comparison of the experimental and simulation results indicate that the maximum root mean square error is less than 10%, which provides a certain theoretical basis for the study of the characteristics of triple-junction solar cell that can be applied in the analysis and discussion regarding the influence of the relevant parameters on the performance of high concentration photovoltaic systems.

关键词: concentration     three-junction solar cell     mathematical model     electrical properties     solar energy    

A space solar cell bonding robot

FU Zhuang, ZHAO Yan-zheng, LIU Ren-qiang, DONG Zhi

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2006年 第1卷 第3期   页码 360-363 doi: 10.1007/s11465-006-0027-x

摘要: A space solar cell bonding robot system which consists of a three-axis Cartesian coordinate s robot, coating device, bonding device, orientation plate, and control subsystem was studied. A method, which can control the thickness o

关键词: Cartesian coordinate     thickness     three-axis Cartesian     orientation     control subsystem    

Economic analysis of a hybrid solar-fuel cell power delivery system using tuned genetic algorithm

Trina SOM, Niladri CHAKRABORTY

《能源前沿(英文)》 2012年 第6卷 第1期   页码 12-20 doi: 10.1007/s11708-012-0172-3

摘要: An economic evaluation of a network of distributed energy resources (DERs) comprising a microgrid structure of power delivery system in an Indian scenario has been made. The mathematical analysis is based on the application of tuned genetic algorithm (TGA). The analyses for optimal power operation pertaining to minimum cost have been made for two cases in Indian power delivery system. The first case deals with the consumers’ individual optimal operation of DERs, while in the second one, consumers altogether form a microgrid with the optimal supply of power from DERs. The total annual costs for these two cases are found to be economically competitive and encouraging. A reduction of approximately 5.7% in the annual cost has been obtained in the case of microgid system than that in the separately operating consumers’ system for a small locality of India. It is observed that the application of TGA results in a reduction of the minimum cost depicting an improved outcome in terms of energy economy.

关键词: distributed energy resources (DERs)     microgrid     tuned genetic algorithm (TGA)    

Application of nanotechnologies in the energy sector: A brief and short review

Ferric CHRISTIAN, EDITH, SELLY, Dendy ADITYAWARMAN, Antonius INDARTO

《能源前沿(英文)》 2013年 第7卷 第1期   页码 6-18 doi: 10.1007/s11708-012-0219-5

摘要: Energy is of great importance in human life because of its benefits as the main resource for human activity. According to International Energy Agency (IEA), energy demands are expected to continue increasing until 2030. Because energy demand will never decrease, it is necessary to develop modern technology, such as nano-based technology, in order to obtain a more effective and efficient process to produce more energy. The application of nano technology or nano material in the field of energy, which involves lithium-ion battery, fuel cell, light emitting diode (LED), ultra-capacitor, and solar cell (including Gr?tzel cell), is a hot topic in many scientific researches. Unfortunately, its current development is hampered by the expensive cost of production compared to conventional technologies. Therefore, priority should be given to nano technology in the energy sector order to obtain higher efficiency, lower production cost, and easier in its application.

关键词: nanotechnology     energy     batteries     fuel cell     Gr?tzel cell     solar cell    

POCl3 diffusion for industrial Si solar cell emitter formation

Hongzhao LI,Kyung KIM,Brett HALLAM,Bram HOEX,Stuart WENHAM,Malcolm ABBOTT

《能源前沿(英文)》 2017年 第11卷 第1期   页码 42-51 doi: 10.1007/s11708-016-0433-7

摘要: POCl diffusion is currently the standard method for industrial n-type emitter fabrication. In this study, we present the impact of the following processing parameters on emitter formation and electrical performance: deposition gas flow ratio, drive-in temperature and duration, drive-in O flow rate, and thermal oxidation temperature. By showing their influence on the emitter doping profile and recombination activity, we provide an overall strategy for improving industrial POCl tube diffused emitters.

关键词: POCl3 diffusion     emitter recombination     oxidation     silicon    

Ultrathin microcrystalline hydrogenated Si/Ge alloyed tandem solar cells towards full solar spectrum

Yu Cao, Xinyun Zhu, Xingyu Tong, Jing Zhou, Jian Ni, Jianjun Zhang, Jinbo Pang

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2020年 第14卷 第6期   页码 997-1005 doi: 10.1007/s11705-019-1906-0

摘要: Thin film solar cells have been proved the next generation photovoltaic devices due to their low cost, less material consumption and easy mass production. Among them, micro-crystalline Si and Ge based thin film solar cells have advantages of high efficiency and ultrathin absorber layers. Yet individual junction devices are limited in photoelectric conversion efficiency because of the restricted solar spectrum range for its specific absorber. In this work, we designed and simulated a multi-junction solar cell with its four sub-cells selectively absorbing the full solar spectrum including the ultraviolet, green, red as well as near infrared range, respectively. By tuning the Ge content, the record efficiency of 24.80% has been realized with the typical quadruple junction structure of a-Si:H/a-Si Ge :H/µc-Si:H/µc-Si Ge :H. To further reduce the material cost, thickness dependent device performances have been conducted. It can be found that the design of total thickness of 4 m is the optimal device design in balancing the thickness and the . While the design of ultrathin quadruple junction device with total thickness of 2 m is the optimized device design regarding cost and long-term stability with a little bit more reduction in . These results indicated that our solar cells combine the advantages of low cost and high stability. Our work may provide a general guidance rule of utilizing the full solar spectrum for developing high efficiency and ultrathin multi-junction solar cells.

关键词: thin films     solar cells     quadruple junction solar cell     amorphous silicon     silicon germanium alloy     quantum efficiency    

我国太阳能光伏产业现状及未来展望

孔凡太,戴松元

《中国工程科学》 2016年 第18卷 第4期   页码 51-54 doi: 10.15302/J-SSCAE-2016.04.008

摘要:

太阳能光伏发电是可再生能源利用的重要形式,也是我国目前重点发展的、为数不多的具有全球竞争力的战略性新兴产业之一。本文详细分析了太阳能光伏产业国内外发展现状及未来趋势,分析了我国太阳能光伏产业现状和存在的问题,对光伏产业的健康发展提出了若干建议并对光伏产业的未来发展进行了展望。

关键词: 太阳能光伏     太阳电池     光伏产业    

stack as front heterojunction structure on performance of interdigitated back contact-heterojunction solarcell (IBC-HJ)

Rui JIA,Ke TAO,Qiang LI,Xiaowan DAI,Hengchao SUN,Yun SUN,Zhi JIN,Xinyu LIU

《能源前沿(英文)》 2017年 第11卷 第1期   页码 96-104 doi: 10.1007/s11708-016-0434-6

摘要: Interdigitated back contact-heterojunction (IBC-HJ) solar cells can have a conversion efficiency of over 25%. However, the front surface passivation and structure have a great influence on the properties of the IBC-HJ solar cell. In this paper, detailed numerical simulations have been performed to investigate the potential of front surface field (FSF) offered by stack of n-type doped and intrinsic amorphous silicon (a-Si) layers on the front surface of IBC-HJ solar cells. Simulations results clearly indicate that the electric field of FSF should be strong enough to repel minority carries and cumulate major carriers near the front surface. However, the over-strong electric field tends to drive electrons into a-Si layer, leading to severe recombination loss. The n-type doped amorphous silicon (n-a-Si) layer has been optimized in terms of doping level and thickness. The optimized intrinsic amorphous silicon (i-a-Si) layer should be as thin as possible with an energy band gap ( ) larger than 1.4 eV. In addition, the simulations concerning interface defects strongly suggest that FSF is essential when the front surface is not passivated perfectly. Without FSF, the IBC-HJ solar cells may become more sensitive to interface defect density.

关键词: amorphous silicon     front surface field     simulations     interdigitated back contact-heterojunction solar cells    

Emerging technologies to power next generation mobile electronic devices using solar energy

Dewei JIA , Yubo DUAN , Jing LIU ,

《能源前沿(英文)》 2009年 第3卷 第3期   页码 262-288 doi: 10.1007/s11708-009-0015-z

摘要: Mobile electronic devices such as MP3, mobile phones, and wearable or implanted medical devices have already or will soon become a necessity in peoples’ lives. However, the further development of these devices is restricted not only by the inconvenient charging process of the power module, but also by the soaring prices of fossil fuel and its downstream chain of electricity manipulation. In view of the huge amount of solar energy fueling the world biochemically and thermally, a carry-on electricity harvester embedded in portable devices is emerging as a most noteworthy research area and engineering practice for a cost efficient solution. Such a parasitic problem is intrinsic in the next generation portable devices. This paper is dedicated to presenting an overview of the photovoltaic strategy in the chain as a reference for researchers and practitioners committed to solving the problem.

关键词: photovoltaic conversion     energy harvesting     solar cell     maximum power point track algorithm     PV electricity storage     mobile/standalone PV application    

标题 作者 时间 类型 操作

Block copolymers as efficient cathode interlayer materials for organic solar cells

Dingqin Hu, Jiehao Fu, Shanshan Chen, Jun Li, Qianguang Yang, Jie Gao, Hua Tang, Zhipeng Kan, Tainan Duan, Shirong Lu, Kuan Sun, Zeyun Xiao

期刊论文

Highlights of mainstream solar cell efficiencies in 2022

期刊论文

Highlights of mainstream solar cell efficiencies in 2021

期刊论文

Enhancement of open circuit voltage in organic solar cells by doping a fluorescent red dye

Qing LI, Junsheng YU, Yue ZANG, Nana WANG, Yadong JIANG

期刊论文

SiO2 passivation layer grown by liquid phase deposition for silicon solar cell application

Yanlin CHEN,Sihua ZHONG,Miao TAN,Wenzhong SHEN

期刊论文

Sediment microbial fuel cell with floating biocathode for organic removal and energy recovery

Aijie WANG, Haoyi CHENG, Nanqi REN, Dan CUI, Na LIN, Weimin WU

期刊论文

Numerical and experimental research of the characteristics of concentration solar cells

Zilong WANG, Hua ZHANG, Binlin DOU, Weidong WU, Guanhua ZHANG

期刊论文

A space solar cell bonding robot

FU Zhuang, ZHAO Yan-zheng, LIU Ren-qiang, DONG Zhi

期刊论文

Economic analysis of a hybrid solar-fuel cell power delivery system using tuned genetic algorithm

Trina SOM, Niladri CHAKRABORTY

期刊论文

Application of nanotechnologies in the energy sector: A brief and short review

Ferric CHRISTIAN, EDITH, SELLY, Dendy ADITYAWARMAN, Antonius INDARTO

期刊论文

POCl3 diffusion for industrial Si solar cell emitter formation

Hongzhao LI,Kyung KIM,Brett HALLAM,Bram HOEX,Stuart WENHAM,Malcolm ABBOTT

期刊论文

Ultrathin microcrystalline hydrogenated Si/Ge alloyed tandem solar cells towards full solar spectrum

Yu Cao, Xinyun Zhu, Xingyu Tong, Jing Zhou, Jian Ni, Jianjun Zhang, Jinbo Pang

期刊论文

我国太阳能光伏产业现状及未来展望

孔凡太,戴松元

期刊论文

stack as front heterojunction structure on performance of interdigitated back contact-heterojunction solarcell (IBC-HJ)

Rui JIA,Ke TAO,Qiang LI,Xiaowan DAI,Hengchao SUN,Yun SUN,Zhi JIN,Xinyu LIU

期刊论文

Emerging technologies to power next generation mobile electronic devices using solar energy

Dewei JIA , Yubo DUAN , Jing LIU ,

期刊论文