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Fabrication of layered structure VS anchor in 3D graphene aerogels as a new cathode material for lithium

《能源前沿(英文)》 2019年 第13卷 第3期   页码 597-602 doi: doi:10.1007/s11708-018-0576-9

摘要: VS4 has gained more and more attention for its high theoretical capacity (449 mAh/g with 3e transfer) in lithium ion batteries (LIBs). Herein, a layered structure VS4 anchored in graphene aerogels is prepared and first reported as cathode material for LIBs. VS4@GAs composite exhibits an exceptional high initial reversible capacity (511 mAh/g), an excellent high-rate capability (191 mAh/g at the 5 C), and an excellent cyclic stability (239 mAh/g after 15 cycles).

关键词: VS4     graphene aerogels     cathode     lithium storage    

DOW CORNING 1-2577 Conformal Coating as an efficient diffusion material for cathode in the microbial

Yanping HOU, Haiping LUO, Guangli LIU, Renduo ZHANG, Yong LUO, Bangyu QIN, Shanshan CHEN

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2013年 第7卷 第4期   页码 526-530 doi: 10.1007/s11783-013-0532-1

摘要: In this study, DOW CORNING 1-2577 Conformal Coating was proposed for the cathode diffusion layer of the microbial fuel cell (MFC). In MFCs, stainless steel mesh cathodes using DOW CORNING 1-2577 Conformal Coating/carbon as the diffusion layer and two poly (dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS)/carbon diffusion layers and carbon cloth cathode with four poly (tetrafluoroethylene) (PTFE) diffusion layers were constructed for comparison. Under the same operational condition, the MFCs with the DOW CORNING 1-2577 Conformal Coating/carbon diffusion layer produced the maximum power density of 1585±52 mW·m , compared with those using poly (tetrafluoroethylene) (PTFE) diffusion layers (1421±45 mW·m ) and poly (dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS)/carbon diffusion layers (1353±49 mW·m ). The DOW CORNING 1-2577 Conformal Coating could be an alternative for the diffusion layer construction in the MFC due to its remarkable performance and much simple construction procedure.

关键词: microbial fuel cell     diffusion layer     power density     DOW CORNING1-2577 Conformal Coating    

β-Nickel hydroxide cathode material for nano-suspension redox flow batteries

Yue LI, Cheng HE, Elena V. TIMOFEEVA, Yujia DING, Javier PARRONDO, Carlo SEGRE, Vijay RAMANI

《能源前沿(英文)》 2017年 第11卷 第3期   页码 401-409 doi: 10.1007/s11708-017-0496-0

摘要: As part of an effort to build a prototype flow battery system using a nano-suspension containing β-Ni(OH) nanoparticles as the cathode material, nano-sized β-Ni(OH) particles with well-controlled particle size and morphology were synthesized via the one-step precipitation of a NiCl precursor. The composition and morphology of the nanoparticles were characterized by scanning electronic microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The XRD patterns confirmed that β-Ni(OH) was successfully synthesized, while SEM results showed that the particle sizes range from 70 to 150 nm. To ensure that Ni(OH) could be employed in the nano-suspension flow battery, the electrochemical performance of the synthesized β-Ni(OH) was initially tested in pouch cells through charge/discharge cycling. The phase transformations occurring during charge/discharge were investigated using X-ray absorption spectroscopy to obtain the shift in the oxidation state of Ni (X-ray adsorption near edge structure, XANES) and the distances between Ni and surrounding atoms in charged and discharged states (extended X-ray absorption fine structure, EXAFS). XANES results indicated that the electrode in the discharged state was a mixture of phases because the edge position did not shift back completely. XAFS results further proved that the discharge capacity was provided by β-NiOOH and the ratio between β-Ni(OH) and g-NiOOH in the electrode in the discharged state was 71:29. Preliminary nano-suspension tests in a lab-scale cell were conducted to understand the behavior of the nano-suspension during charge/discharge cycling and to optimize the operating conditions.

关键词: nano-suspension flow battery     β-Ni(OH)2     scanning electronic microscopy (SEM)     X-ray diffraction (XRD)     X-ray adsorption near edge structure (XANES)     extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS)    

质子导体燃料电池阴极材料的研究及发展概述

赵凌,夏长荣

《中国工程科学》 2013年 第15卷 第2期   页码 88-97

摘要:

能源危机和环境污染是全世界在可持续发展道路中所面临的难题。固体氧化物燃料电池(SOFC)具有高能量转化效率和低污染排放,被认为是未来能源经济的基石。其中,以质子导体作为电解质的固体氧化物燃料电池(H-SOFC)由于具有高燃料利用率、高理论电动势、高离子迁移数以及低传导活化能,因而备受关注。然而,与氧离子导体固体氧化物燃料电池(O-SOFC)相比,H-SOFC的材料选择和理论体系还处于初级阶段,尤其是H-SOFC的阴极。在H-SOFC中,氢气在阳极被氧化,形成质子,通过电解质迁移到阴极,而后与氧进行电极反应生成水,其阴极的电极过程比O-SOFC更为复杂。寻找高性能的阴极材料和探索H-SOFC中的阴极反应机理,对于H-SOFC的发展具有重要的意义。围绕质子导体阴极材料的发展进行深入调研,着重阐述和总结了不同传导类型的阴极材料的电化学行为及其反应模型,为H-SOFC阴极材料的发展和应用提供了一种思路。

关键词: 固体氧化物燃料电池     质子导体     阴极材料     反应模型    

/sub>SiO4-coated LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 as the high performance cathode

Shifeng YANG, Wenfeng REN, Jian CHEN

《能源前沿(英文)》 2017年 第11卷 第3期   页码 374-382 doi: 10.1007/s11708-017-0494-2

摘要: The preparation of Li SiO -coated LiNi Mn O materials by sintering the SiO -coated nickel-manganese oxides with lithium salts using abundant and low-cost sodium silicate as the silicon source was reported. The samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. It was found that a uniform and complete SiO coating layer could be obtained at a suitable pH value of 10, which transformed to a good Li SiO coating layer afterwards. When used as the cathode materials for lithium-ion batteries, the Li SiO -coated LiNi Mn O samples deliver a better electrochemical performance in terms of the discharge capacity, rate capability, and cycling stability than that of the pristine material. It can still deliver 111.1 mAh/g at 20 C after 300 cycles, with a retention ratio of 93.1% of the stable capacity, which is far beyond that of the pristine material (101.3 mAh/g, 85.6%).

关键词: lithium-ion batteries     cathode material     LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4     lithium-ion conductor     coating    

Mapping the trends and prospects of battery cathode materials based on patent landscape

《能源前沿(英文)》   页码 822-832 doi: 10.1007/s11708-023-0900-x

摘要: Advancing portable electronics and electric vehicles is heavily dependent on the cutting-edge lithium-ion (Li-ion) battery technology, which is closely linked to the properties of cathode materials. Identifying trends and prospects of cathode materials based on patent analysis is considered a kernel to optimize and refine battery related markets. In this paper, a patent analysis is performed on 6 popular cathode materials by comprehensively considering performance comparison, development trend, annual installed capacity, technology life cycle, and distribution among regions and patent assignees. In the technology life cycle, the cathode materials majorly used in electric vehicle have entered maturity stage, while the lithium cobalt oxide (LCO) cathode that is widely used in portable electronics is still in the growth stage. In global patent distributions, China holds more than 50% of total patents. In the top 10 patent assignees of 6 cathode materials, 2 institutes are from China with the rest being Japan (6) and Republic of Korea (2), indicating that the technology of cathode materials in China is relatively scattered while cathode research is highly concentrated in Japan and Republic of Korea. Moreover, the patent distribution has to consider practical issues as well as the impacts of core patents. For example, the high cost discourages the intention of applying international patents. This paper is expected to stimulate battery research, understand technical layout of various countries, and probably forecast innovative technology breakthroughs.

关键词: patent analysis     cathode     batteries     technology life cycle    

Recent advances in cathode electrocatalysts for PEM fuel cells

Junliang ZHANG

《能源前沿(英文)》 2011年 第5卷 第2期   页码 137-148 doi: 10.1007/s11708-011-0153-y

摘要: Great progress has been made in the past two decades in the development of the electrocatalysts for proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs). This review article is focused on recent advances made in the kinetic-activity improvement on platinum- (Pt-) based cathode electrocatalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). The origin of the limited ORR activity of Pt catalysts is discussed, followed by a review on the development of Pt alloy catalysts, Pt monolayer catalysts, and shape- and facet-controlled Pt-alloy nanocrystal catalysts. Mechanistic understanding is reviewed as well on the factors contributing to the enhanced ORR activity of these catalysts. Finally, future directions for PEMFC catalyst research are proposed.

关键词: proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs)     cathode electrocatalysts     platinum     oxygen reduction reaction (ORR)    

Current challenge and perspective of PGM-free cathode catalysts for PEM fuel cells

Gang WU

《能源前沿(英文)》 2017年 第11卷 第3期   页码 286-298 doi: 10.1007/s11708-017-0477-3

摘要: To significantly reduce the cost of proton exchange membrane fuel cells, platinum-group metal (PGM)-free cathode catalysts are highly desirable. Current M-N-C (M: Fe, Co or Mn) catalysts are considered the most promising due to their encouraging performance. The challenge thus has been their stability under acidic conditions, which has hindered their use for any practical applications. In this review, based on the author’s research experience in the field for more than 10 years, current challenges and possible solutions to overcome these problems were discussed. The current Edisonian approach (i.e., trial and error) to developing PGM-free catalysts has been ineffective in achieving revolutionary breakthroughs. Novel synthesis techniques based on a more methodological approach will enable atomic control and allow us to achieve optimal electronic and geometric structures for active sites uniformly dispersed within the 3D architectures. Structural and chemical controlled precursors such as metal-organic frameworks are highly desirable for making catalysts with an increased density of active sites and strengthening local bonding structures among N, C and metals. Advanced electrochemical and physical characterization, such as electron microscopy and X-ray absorption spectroscopy should be combined with first principle density functional theory (DFT) calculations to fully elucidate the active site structures.

关键词: oxygen reduction     fuel cells     cathode     nonprecious metal catalysts     carbon nanocomposites    

Effects of bicarbonate and cathode potential on hydrogen production in a biocathode electrolysis cell

Dawei LIANG,Yanyan LIU,Sikan PENG,Fei LAN,Shanfu LU,Yan XIANG

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2014年 第8卷 第4期   页码 624-630 doi: 10.1007/s11783-013-0584-2

摘要: A biocathode with microbial catalyst in place of a noble metal was successfully developed for hydrogen evolution in a microbial electrolysis cell (MEC). The strategy for fast biocathode cultivation was demonstrated. An exoelectrogenic reaction was initially extended with an H -full atmosphere to enrich H -utilizing bacteria in a MEC bioanode. This bioanode was then inversely polarized with an applied voltage in a half-cell to enrich the hydrogen-evolving biocathode. The electrocatalytic hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) kinetics of the biocathode MEC could be enhanced by increasing the bicarbonate buffer concentration from 0.05 mol·L to 0.5 mol·L and/or by decreasing the cathode potential from -0.9 V to -1.3 V vs. a saturated calomel electrode (SCE). Within the tested potential region in this study, the HER rate of the biocathode MEC was primarily influenced by the microbial catalytic capability. In addition, increasing bicarbonate concentration enhances the electric migration rate of proton carriers. As a consequence, more mass H can be released to accelerate the biocathode-catalyzed HER rate. A hydrogen production rate of 8.44 m ·m ·d with a current density of 951.6 A·m was obtained using the biocathode MEC under a cathode potential of -1.3 V vs. SCE and 0.4 mol·L bicarbonate. This study provided information on the optimization of hydrogen production in biocathode MEC and expanded the practical applications thereof.

关键词: microbial electrolysis cell (MEC)     biocathode     hydrogen production     bicarbonate     cathode potential    

Effect of current density on groundwater arsenite removal performance using air cathode electrocoagulation

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2021年 第15卷 第6期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-021-1399-1

摘要:

• With the same charge, current density had little effect on As(III) removal in ACEC.

关键词: Electrocoagulation     Air cathode     Arsenic     Current density     Energy consumption    

Block copolymers as efficient cathode interlayer materials for organic solar cells

Dingqin Hu, Jiehao Fu, Shanshan Chen, Jun Li, Qianguang Yang, Jie Gao, Hua Tang, Zhipeng Kan, Tainan Duan, Shirong Lu, Kuan Sun, Zeyun Xiao

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2021年 第15卷 第3期   页码 571-578 doi: 10.1007/s11705-020-2010-1

摘要: Emerging needs for the large-scale industrialization of organic solar cells require high performance cathode interlayers to facilitate the charge extraction from organic semiconductors. In addition to improving the efficiency, stability and processability issues are major challenges. Herein, we design block copolymers with well controlled chemical composition and molecular weight for cathode interlayer applications. The block copolymer coated cathodes display high optical transmittance and low work function. Conductivity studies reveal that the block copolymer thin film has abundant conductive channels and excellent longitudinal electron conductivity due to the interpenetrating networks formed by the polymer blocks. Applications of the cathode interlayers in organic solar cells provide higher power conversion efficiency and better stability compared to the most widely-applied ZnO counterparts. Furthermore, no post-treatment is needed which enables excellent processability of the block copolymer based cathode interlayer.

关键词: organic solar cell     block copolymer     cathode interlayer    

Alumina modified sodium vanadate cathode for aqueous zinc-ion batteries

《能源前沿(英文)》   页码 775-781 doi: 10.1007/s11708-023-0902-8

摘要: Aqueous zinc-ion batteries (ZIBs) have great prospects for widespread application in massive scale energy storage. By virtue of the multivalent state, open frame structure and high theoretical specific capacity, vanadium (V)-based compounds are a kind of the most developmental potential cathode materials for ZIBs. However, the slow kinetics caused by low conductivity and the capacity degradation caused by material dissolution still need to be addressed for large-scale applications. Therefore, sodium vanadate Na2V6O16·3H2O (NVO) was chosen as a model material, and was modified with alumina coating through simple mixing and stirring methods. After Al2O3 coating modification, the rate capability and long-cycle stability of Zn//NVO@Al2O3 battery have been significantly improved. The discharge specific capacity of NVO@Al2O3 reach up to 228 mAh/g (at 4 A/g), with a capacity reservation rate of approximately 68% after 1000 cycles, and the Coulombic efficiency (CE) is close to 100%. As a comparison, the capacity reservation rate of Zn//NVO battery is only 27.7%. Its superior electrochemical performance is mainly attributed to the Al2O3 coating layer, which can increase zinc-ion conductivity of the material surface, and to some extent inhibit the dissolution of NVO, making the structure stable and improving the cyclic stability of the material. This paper offers new prospects for the development of cathode coating materials for ZIBs.

关键词: cathodes     aqueous zinc-ion batteries     sodium vanadate     alumina     coating    

LiFePO/C cathode materials synthesized by co-precipitation and microwave heating

XU Yunlong, TAO Lili, MA Hongyan, HUANG Huaqing

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2008年 第2卷 第4期   页码 422-427 doi: 10.1007/s11705-008-0082-4

摘要: LiFePO/C cathode materials were synthesized by a combination of co-precipitation and microwave heating using polyethylene glycol (PEG) as a carbon resource and the influence of microwave heating time on the structure and electrochemical performance of the materials was also discussed. The samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), TEM, particle-size analysis and constant current charge-discharge experiment. The results show that the LiFePO/C heated for 9 min has a pure olive-type phase and excellent electrochemical performance. The initial discharge capacities of this sample are 154.3, 139.7, 123.9 mAh/g at the rates 0.1C, 0.2C, 1C at room temperature, respectively, and after 20 cycles remain 152.3, 134.3, 118.5 mAh/g, respectively.

关键词: polyethylene     electrochemical performance     combination     co-precipitation     diffraction    

CC@BCN@PANI core-shell nanoarrays as ultra-high cycle stability cathode for Zn-ion hybrid supercapacitors

《能源前沿(英文)》 2023年 第17卷 第4期   页码 555-566 doi: 10.1007/s11708-023-0882-8

摘要: Exploring cathode materials that combine excellent cycling stability and high energy density poses a challenge to aqueous Zn-ion hybrid supercapacitors (ZHSCs). Herein, polyaniline (PANI) coated boron-carbon-nitrogen (BCN) nanoarray on carbon cloth surface is prepared as advanced cathode materials via simple high-temperature calcination and electrochemical deposition methods. Because of the excellent specific capacity and conductivity of PANI, the CC@BCN@PANI core-shell nanoarrays cathode shows an excellent ion storage capability. Moreover, the 3D nanoarray structure can provide enough space for the volume expansion and contraction of PANI in the charging/discharging cycles, which effectively avoids the collapse of the microstructure and greatly improves the electrochemical stability of PANI. Therefore, the CC@BCN@PANI-based ZHSCs exhibit superior electrochemical performances showing a specific capacity of 145.8 mAh/g, a high energy density of 116.78 Wh/kg, an excellent power density of 12 kW/kg, and a capacity retention rate of 86.2% after 8000 charge/discharge cycles at a current density of 2 A/g. In addition, the flexible ZHSCs (FZHSCs) also show a capacity retention rate of 87.7% at the current density of 2 A/g after 450 cycles.

关键词: CC@BCN@PANI cathode     Zn-ion hybrid supercapacitor     core-shell nanoarrays     high energy density     ultra-high cycle stability    

Exploration of the oxygen transport behavior in non-precious metal catalyst-based cathode catalyst layer

Shiqu CHEN, Silei XIANG, Zehao TAN, Huiyuan LI, Xiaohui YAN, Jiewei YIN, Shuiyun SHEN, Junliang ZHANG

《能源前沿(英文)》 2023年 第17卷 第1期   页码 123-133 doi: 10.1007/s11708-022-0849-1

摘要: High cost has undoubtedly become the biggest obstacle to the commercialization of proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs), in which Pt-based catalysts employed in the cathodic catalyst layer (CCL) account for the major portion of the cost. Although non-precious metal catalysts (NPMCs) show appreciable activity and stability in the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR), the performance of fuel cells based on NPMCs remains unsatisfactory compared to those using Pt-based CCL. Therefore, most studies on NPMC-based fuel cells focus on developing highly active catalysts rather than facilitating oxygen transport. In this work, the oxygen transport behavior in CCLs based on highly active Fe-N-C catalysts is comprehensively explored through the elaborate design of two types of membrane electrode structures, one containing low-Pt-based CCL and NPMC-based dummy catalyst layer (DCL) and the other containing only the NPMC-based CCL. Using Zn-N-C based DCLs of different thickness, the bulk oxygen transport resistance at the unit thickness in NPMC-based CCL was quantified via the limiting current method combined with linear fitting analysis. Then, the local and bulk resistances in NPMC-based CCLs were quantified via the limiting current method and scanning electron microscopy, respectively. Results show that the ratios of local and bulk oxygen transport resistances in NPMC-based CCL are 80% and 20%, respectively, and that an enhancement of local oxygen transport is critical to greatly improve the performance of NPMC-based PEMFCs. Furthermore, the activity of active sites per unit in NPMC-based CCLs was determined to be lower than that in the Pt-based CCL, thus explaining worse cell performance of NPMC-based membrane electrode assemblys (MEAs). It is believed that the development of NPMC-based PEMFCs should proceed not only through the design of catalysts with higher activity but also through the improvement of oxygen transport in the CCL.

关键词: proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs)     non-precious metal catalyst (NPMC)     cathode catalyst layer (CCL)     local and bulk oxygen transport resistance    

标题 作者 时间 类型 操作

Fabrication of layered structure VS anchor in 3D graphene aerogels as a new cathode material for lithium

期刊论文

DOW CORNING 1-2577 Conformal Coating as an efficient diffusion material for cathode in the microbial

Yanping HOU, Haiping LUO, Guangli LIU, Renduo ZHANG, Yong LUO, Bangyu QIN, Shanshan CHEN

期刊论文

β-Nickel hydroxide cathode material for nano-suspension redox flow batteries

Yue LI, Cheng HE, Elena V. TIMOFEEVA, Yujia DING, Javier PARRONDO, Carlo SEGRE, Vijay RAMANI

期刊论文

质子导体燃料电池阴极材料的研究及发展概述

赵凌,夏长荣

期刊论文

/sub>SiO4-coated LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 as the high performance cathode

Shifeng YANG, Wenfeng REN, Jian CHEN

期刊论文

Mapping the trends and prospects of battery cathode materials based on patent landscape

期刊论文

Recent advances in cathode electrocatalysts for PEM fuel cells

Junliang ZHANG

期刊论文

Current challenge and perspective of PGM-free cathode catalysts for PEM fuel cells

Gang WU

期刊论文

Effects of bicarbonate and cathode potential on hydrogen production in a biocathode electrolysis cell

Dawei LIANG,Yanyan LIU,Sikan PENG,Fei LAN,Shanfu LU,Yan XIANG

期刊论文

Effect of current density on groundwater arsenite removal performance using air cathode electrocoagulation

期刊论文

Block copolymers as efficient cathode interlayer materials for organic solar cells

Dingqin Hu, Jiehao Fu, Shanshan Chen, Jun Li, Qianguang Yang, Jie Gao, Hua Tang, Zhipeng Kan, Tainan Duan, Shirong Lu, Kuan Sun, Zeyun Xiao

期刊论文

Alumina modified sodium vanadate cathode for aqueous zinc-ion batteries

期刊论文

LiFePO/C cathode materials synthesized by co-precipitation and microwave heating

XU Yunlong, TAO Lili, MA Hongyan, HUANG Huaqing

期刊论文

CC@BCN@PANI core-shell nanoarrays as ultra-high cycle stability cathode for Zn-ion hybrid supercapacitors

期刊论文

Exploration of the oxygen transport behavior in non-precious metal catalyst-based cathode catalyst layer

Shiqu CHEN, Silei XIANG, Zehao TAN, Huiyuan LI, Xiaohui YAN, Jiewei YIN, Shuiyun SHEN, Junliang ZHANG

期刊论文