Strategic emerging industries are an important force guiding future economic and social development. Accelerating the development of strategic emerging industries is an important measure to promote the upgrading of industrial structure and speed up the transformation of economic development mode in China. It is of great strategic significance to the China’s modernization. This paper focuses on the 14th Five-Year Plan and the development of strategic emerging industries by 2035. It also systematically analyzes the international environment, trend, present situation, experiences, and problems of the strategic emerging industries. The general development ideas and key directions of emerging industries in the future are put forward, and relevant measures and suggestions are also proposed with a view to provide a theoretical reference for the high-quality development of strategic emerging industries in China, including promoting overall coordination and optimizing top-level design, to strengthen strategic guidance; strengthening the foundation for innovation and improving the innovation system for the strategic emerging industries; stimulating market vitality and giving full play to the dominant position and leading role of enterprises in innovation; promoting openness and integration and insisting on the combination of “going global” and “bring in”.
The status of strategic emerging industries in China’s modern industrial system and their contribution to high-quality economic development are becoming increasingly significant. In face of complex domestic and international environments and the situation that China is about to enter the 14th Five-Year Plan period, it is urgently necessary to make macro thinking of China’s strategic emerging industries and study their strategic positioning. The paper carefully analyzes the development situation of emerging industries in developed countries; examines the achievements, challenges, and problems of emerging industries in China; demonstrates the urgent needs and importance of accelerating the development of relevant industries in China; and outlines a general idea about the development in China. China should regard the cultivation and development of strategic emerging industries as an important component of the national modern industrial system; ensure the identification, classification, and strategic deployment of the weaknesses in technologies in the industries; and scientifically plan the regional layout of strategic emerging industries, thus to cultivate industrial clusters at the national level. Conclusively the paper suggests that China should include strategic emerging industries in the national 14th Five-Year Plan; issue a special plan for their development; and explore an integrated national system and a talent motivation and sharing mechanism.
Strategic emerging industries represent the direction for the new round of scientific and technological revolution as well as industrial transformation. They are key areas for China to implement supply-side structural reforms, foster new momentum for development, and gain new competitive advantages. Proposing corresponding development strategies to face major changes in the international and domestic environments in the future has become urgent need for China’s emerging industries. This paper sorts out the current status of strategic emerging industries, and adopts principal factor analysis to predict the environmental changes facing industrial development, from the perspectives of emerging technologies, new needs, international environment, and domestic ecology. Studies show that the role of strategic emerging industries in China’s national economy is becoming increasingly important, and the 14th Five-Year Plan period will be an important period of opportunities for industrial development. Meanwhile, emerging technologies are expected to boom worldwide and the international environment will undergo a profound adjustment. All these changes will pose significant impacts on the development of strategic emerging industries. Thus, to promote industrial development to adapt to the new macro situation, we propose that China should rationally adjust the development areas, strengthen its innovation capacity, improve the development environment, and optimize the industrial layout, in the follow-up policy design of strategic emerging industries and the formulation of the 14th Five-Year Plan.
Livelihood equipment is an important part of high-end equipment. It plays an important role in the development of national economy. China’s livelihood equipment lags behind the international advanced level in terms of international competitiveness and comprehensive level. The outbreak of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) further exposed the serious shortcomings in China’s livelihood equipment concerning medical treatment, food, textile, and the like, as well as the urgent need for optimization and upgrading of the industry. In this paper, livelihood equipment regarding agriculture, food, textile, and medical treatment are studied, which are related to the lifeblood of the national economy. Their development status is reviewed, and the problems and shortcomings of China’s livelihood equipment are proposed. The research suggests that intelligent manufacturing should be the major development direction of the livelihood equipment. Specifically, equipment with digital, networked, and intelligent functions should be developed; key components and industrial software should be researched; digital, networked, and intelligent transformation and upgrading of livelihood equipment enterprises should be promoted; and integration with the service industry should be deepened. To ensure and promote the optimization and upgrading of the livelihood equipment in China, the state should make overall plans for supporting policies regarding the livelihood equipment, conduct large-scale technological transformation, build a public platform for technologicalinnovation services for the industry, and strengthen the development and application of domestic equipment and industrial software.