This study aims to clarify the direction for agricultural transformation, the transformation path of production, and the trend of food supply and demand in China, and to propose development strategies and policy suggestions for China's agriculture transformation. Facing six major challenges in agricultural development, China should further promote supply-side structural reform for its agriculture, optimize production structure, improve the supply and demand of agricultural products, and upgrade the quality of these products. After analyzing the panel data of farmer surveys, we propose to promote China’s modern agricultural transformation by improving the land transfer market and the socialized service system. Our projection analyses indicate that the imbalance between supply and demand of many agricultural products in China will be prominent by 2035. China’s feed self-sufficiency rate will continue to decline, and the demand gap for sugar and edible oil will gradually expand. The production of livestock products and the gap between supply and demand will largely depend on the feed grain trade policy and the grassland development policy, while vegetables and fruits still maintain a certain export comparative advantage.
Based on comprehensive research results of the major consulting project of the Chinese Academy of Engineering “Research on Several Issues on Ecological Civilization Construction (Phase III)”, we evaluated the development level and dynamic changes of China's ecological civilization progress in 2017. Focusing on regional imbalance of ecological civilization development in China, we selected several typical areas as the research objects, including Eastern China, Central China, ecological fragile region in Western China, and the Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei region. We then summarized and analyzed the regional differences and prominent problems in the development of ecological civilization in China from the aspects of integrated and comprehensive improvement of urban agglomeration environment, ecological protection and green development of key zones for development, coordinated development of ecological resources and assets in ecological fragile regions, and value realization of ecological products in developed regions. Furthermore, relevant countermeasures and strategy for the coordinated development of ecological civilization in China is proposed, thus to provide strategic suggestions for the macro decision-making of the development of ecological civilization in China in the new era.
To grasp the major contradictions of China’s regional food security in the new era is the precondition for ensuring national food security. This paper introduces the current situation and the major challenges of China's regional food security, analyzes the change trend of supply and demand and development potentials for regional food security, and presents corresponding strategic visions for future development. Furthermore, it proposed several policy suggestions for ensuring China's regional food security, including implementing the dual responsibilities of food security assurance and environment protection by governments at all levels, rationally planning major special funds for regions, fostering novel business entities, and promoting modern agriculture by improving its quality.
Ecological protection is critical for the harmonious development of humanity and nature, and ecological civilization construction is fundamental for the sustainable development of China. Wuyuan County in Jiangxi Province, a typical county in central China, has its own characteristics and advantages in ecological civilization construction. This study constructs a “five-dimensional analysis method” for analyzing the ecological civilization construction in counties. The five dimensions include economic construction, political construction, cultural and social construction, ecological service values, and the index system for ecological civilization construction. This method is adopted to summarize the achievements in ecological civilization construction in Wuyuan as well as its successful mode. Corresponding development directions and related policy suggestions are also proposed to promote ecological civilization development. Wuyuan's experience in ecological civilization construction can provide guidance for counties in the whole country.