The Qinba Mountain Area is a concentrated poverty-stricken area and an important place concerning ecological security.Thus, the green and circular development of this region is critical for the ecological civilization construction and overall poverty alleviation in China. This study aims to explore a green and circular development path for the Qinba Mountain Area and provide engineering support for green and innovative development and poverty alleviation in this region. By using inductive and deductive methods,this study introduces the ecological and strategic values of the Qinba Mountain Area and analyzes the challenges faced by ecologicalprotection and regional coordination in this region. It further clarifies the general strategy and overall positioning of the green and circular development in this region, and proposes four specific paths, including an ecological protection path based on national parks, an industrial development path based on transformation and optimization,a space construction path based on ecological capacity, and a regional coordination path based on the win–win principle. We hope that this practice can play a demonstrative role in solving regional contradictions between ecology and poverty and in safeguarding social and ecological securities.
The green development of agricultural economy is a critical in promoting and coordinating ecological protection and economic development in the Qinba Mountain Area. To satisfy the research demand for green and circular development in this area, this study thoroughly analyzed the current situation of the agricultural economy, and summarizes the guiding ideology and strategical targets for the green development of the agricultural economy. Meanwhile, some innovative paths were elaborated from the aspects of agricultural development policy, large-scale land management, directional flow of talents and capital, technological upgrading for rural industries, promotion of labor quality, industry integration, and establishment of the World-Famous Mountain brand. Specifically, some guarantee measures were proposed, including promoting the common understanding and academic studies on regional development,implementing large-scale, branded, and specialized agricultural operation by demonstration, setting up a financial mechanism suitable for rural industries, transforming the functions of local governments, optimizing the role of rural-level organizations, and balancing the space for urban and rural development. Moreover, a specialized economic zone for green economy development should be established in the Qinba Mountain Area, and the ecological system should be innovated to guide the sustainable development of the society, economy,and ecology in this region.
This study discusses the coordination targets and spatial patterns in the Qinba Mountain Area, and aims to provide a reference in terms of regional, spatial, and strategic coordination paths for ecological protection in the core hinterland and green development in the peripheral urban areas in the same area. An induction and deduction method is adopted. We first draw lessons from related areas in China and abroad; analyze the special values, development foundations, and strategic missions of the Qinba Mountain Area;and then explore the coordinated development paths and the spatial coordination patterns for this area. Furthermore, we propose that the Qinba Mountain Area should be constructed into a demonstration zone for national ecological protection and characteristic innovation,and the regional coordination in the Qinba Mountain Area should be incorporated into the targets of a national strategy. A spatial coordination pattern based on a “green heart” model and networked city clusters is also proposed. The green development of the Qinba Mountain Area should be coordinated with the surrounding urban areas, thus to establish a spatial coordination pattern that reflects both the ecological features of this area and the characteristics of the information era, and finally a win-win situation in both ecological protection and green development can be achieved.
The ecological security pattern in the Qinba Mountain Area plays a key role in maintaining a healthy ecosystem structure and regulating the ecological process in central China. Constructing a sound ecological security pattern is also an effective measure for ensuring ecological security in the Qinba Mountain Area. This study assesses the importance of four ecological service functions in the Qinba Mountain Area, namely water conservation, species diversity, ecological carbon fixation, and soil conservation. It then assigns weight to these four ecological services according to their proportion in the value of ecological assets. Based on the results of an ecosystem sensitivity analysis and the source-sink theory for landscape ecology, ecological sources of the Qinba Mountain Area are identified using optimized hot spot analysis. Moreover, potential ecological corridors are identified using the minimum cumulative resistance model; strip corridors and stepping stone corridors are further formed according to the river system, the distribution characteristics of key species, and the distribution of nature reserves in this region. Finally, the ecological security pattern of the Qinba Mountain Area is formed, including 6 important ecological patches, 10 river corridors, 2 biological channels, and 26 stepping stone corridors. This study is conducted based on the current situation of ecosystem services and can provide an important basis for the planning and layout of national parks, regional ecological protection and planning, as well as ecological civilization construction in the Qinba Mountain Area.